World War 1
Tactics and Weaponry
The war became more of a maneuverable war rather than positional at the time after the Battle of the Marne in 1914 and Germany's consequent retreat. The goal of both powers (Central and Entente) was to penetrate the enemy's main defensive lines and exploit and breakthrough. The unique warfare during the Great War made this difficult to earn. So many new weapons came out throughout the war. None that had ever been seen by the world on any battlefield ever, such as any airplane, tank, and poison gas. Even some old weaponry that suddenly became practical enough to use on a world wide scale came back into use.(29)
During WWI hand grenades became a practical weapon to use world-wide for the first time. Replaced the bayonet for weapon of choice for clearing an enemy trench or to destroy a strong point.
Machine guns became more more mobile and were used in greater numbers during WWI. They fired heavier shells greater distances than before.
First developed in World War I for artillery support on a squad level.
In 1918 many myths had been talked about for the Germans Spring Offensive. The myth was that the German's were using stormtroop tactics that were new and innovative and nearly won them the war because of British 5th Army did not know how to handle these new tactics.(31)
Chapter 4 Something Blue (John J. Pershing)
During World War I in Europe, john was in command of the American Expeditionary Force. He led the American Expeditionary Force in Europe. General Perishing had nearly two million soldiers under his authority. This is more troops than any general had been in charge of in American history. He kept American troops independent, despite the requests to put American forces under a foreign leader. John Perishing was not a brilliant tactician, but his troops he led helped turn over World War I to the Allies. Also Perishing was smart in the sense that he did not allow American soldiers to enter the line unless they were fully trained. This saved countless lives in battles.(33)
In a later time and career for Perishing he was an important key to formulating a plan for roadways. This plan would later form the base for the Interstate Highway System.(34)