Canada's Identity

our shared history,the treaty relationship

our shared history

The Royal Proclamation of 1763

The Royal Proclamation was issued by the British King George III in 1763. The Proclamation was a necessary first step in outlining the new relationship between the British Crown, French Canada, and the First Nations who lived in those territories.

The war of 1812

The American Revolution had ended in 1783. The new Untied States expanded westward, which created conflict with First Nations and the threatened British control of Rupert's land. In 1812, the Americans declared war on Britain. The Americans assumed that residents of Canadian colonies would be willing to join the United States. Although, British commander in North America, Sir Isaac Brock, was a capable leader. He was also careful to create a strong relationship with First Nation allies. Ex: leaders such as Tecumseh. Brock and his allies were able to retain control of the great lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Brock was killed in October 1812. Although the British-First Nation alliance was able to hold out for another two years.

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Confederation and the Canadian Pacific Railway

In 1867, the British North American Act established the Dominion of Canada. the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick joined together in confederation. Other provinces began to join, and by 1905. Prime Minister John A. Macdonald envisioned connecting Canada from coast to coast. British Columbia had been promised a railway link when it joined confederation, this promise needed to be kept. A transportation link would help newcomers, supplies. and resources move across the country. It took years of planning before construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway could even begin. Thousands of kilometers of track had been laid, bridges needed to be built, and a route needed to be found in the Rocky Mountains. It took 30 000 workers, many of them were Chinese immigrants, more than four years to build 3200 kilometers of track. The last spike was hammered at Craigellachie , British Columbia, in November 1885.

The Creation of Medicare

One defining aspect of Canada is Medicare. The program in Saskatoon, as well as a similar one in Alberta, provide a success. Tommy Douglas was a big believer in the Medicare. The federal government then introduced the Medical Care Act in 1966. Today the federal government, the provinces, territories all have key roles in administering the health-care system in Canada, this system funded through taxes.
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canada's role in the first world war

More than 17 million people died in the conflict, including more than 60 000 Canadians. The war stared in Europe. but involved so many countries around the world. In 1914, Canada's job was to send soldiers and supplies, an average 10 000 men volunteered, many First Nations and Metis soldiers joined the army as well.

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canadas role in the second world war

The second world war stared in September 1939. When Germany invaded Poland. Our role was what we did in the first world war, But this time we sent more soldiers over to fight Germany.

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how the war effect canada?

It effected Canada because we sent more than 16 000 air planes and 400 ships. The value of all goods produced in Canada during the war would be about $100 billion today. how the war effected us click below?!
World War I - How It Changed Canada

canadas treaty relationship

the road to treaties

First Nations oral tradition tells that Indigenous Peoples had prophecies about the arrival of the newcomers. Some Treaty provisions that come from this period include the following

- First Nation hunting territories would be preserved.

- Fist Nations people would be protected against fraud by private individuals.

- The British Crown asserted that held it " exclusive" right to enter into negotiations with First Nations peoples, although many First Nations considered it their sovereign right to negotiate with any nation they chose.

- Treaty negotiations between the Crown and First Nations peoples would be conducted at public assemblies.

First Nations

At the time the Treaties were signed, First Nations peoples believed the Treaties would allow them to continue their traditional lifestyle of living land. They hoped to learn from the newcomers, as farming. Many did not understand English. They relied on oral tradition instead of written word.
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Long ago, the buffalo provided almost everything for the Fist Nations peoples in the west to survive. Even thought the buffalo continues to be sacred, it does not hold the same significance today. Some First Nation Elders and leaders now teach that the "new buffalo" is education.

Most of the Treaties promise to "maintain a school on each reserve." However, not all First Nations have school. In some cases the schools do not offer classes up to Grade 12, and students must leave home in order to graduate.

hunting, fishing, and farming

Along with education, most Canadian Treaties identify specific agreements about hunting, fishing, and trapping. For example, Treaty 4 promises that the government will provide $750 a year for power, shot, ball, and twine - needed to hunt and fish.

canadian identity


- Education- Cultural beliefs, traditions, and customs are shaped by formal and informal education

- Customs and Traditions- how you behave, rituals, celebrations, and beliefs

- Language-society uses language to communicate to pass on history, share stories, teach traditions, and exchange beliefs

- Spiritual Systems- patterns of beliefs held by a group, can help answer questions

- Government- monarchy, democracy, constitutional monarchy, dictatorship

- Economic Systems- throughout the world must find ways to produce and distribute goods, services, and other resources to people

-Social Organization- a way society organizes its members into smaller groups

- Arts and Storytelling- like language art can be used in societies to express and develop cultural ideas and beliefs

- Play-children will play, they learn about their culture

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arts and the canadian identity

Another way to build a national identity is by sharing stories and experiences. whether it could be. Films, books, television, and music are always to share those memories.

why should you learn about cultures?

Canada is made up of many cultures. This gives Canadians the opportunity to learn about and appreciate other cultures. Lack of understanding about what other people believe and value can lead to racism or prejudice. Lack of knowledge can lead people to make assumption and judgements about others. This can lead to bias and stereotypes.

Its also important to learn about you own culture. The better you know you self, the better you can understand and appreciate others.

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canadas identity

The maple leaf is the symbol most associated with Canadian identity. Canadian identity refers to the unique culture, characteristics and condition of being Canadian. And also how we want our country to be known as. How we don't have any wars here - meaning we are a peaceful country, how we are sending soldiers to help the civil war in Syria, and taking those in a country that have war and taking care of them with supplying them with houses, food, money, and jobs.
want to know more? click here!

It tells you more specific things about Canadian identity