our shared history,the treaty relationship
our shared history
The Royal Proclamation of 1763
The war of 1812
The American Revolution had ended in 1783. The new Untied States expanded westward, which created conflict with First Nations and the threatened British control of Rupert's land. In 1812, the Americans declared war on Britain. The Americans assumed that residents of Canadian colonies would be willing to join the United States. Although, British commander in North America, Sir Isaac Brock, was a capable leader. He was also careful to create a strong relationship with First Nation allies. Ex: leaders such as Tecumseh. Brock and his allies were able to retain control of the great lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Brock was killed in October 1812. Although the British-First Nation alliance was able to hold out for another two years.
Confederation and the Canadian Pacific Railway
The Creation of Medicare
canada's role in the first world war
More than 17 million people died in the conflict, including more than 60 000 Canadians. The war stared in Europe. but involved so many countries around the world. In 1914, Canada's job was to send soldiers and supplies, an average 10 000 men volunteered, many First Nations and Metis soldiers joined the army as well.
canadas role in the second world war
The second world war stared in September 1939. When Germany invaded Poland. Our role was what we did in the first world war, But this time we sent more soldiers over to fight Germany.
how the war effect canada?
canadas treaty relationship
the road to treaties
First Nations oral tradition tells that Indigenous Peoples had prophecies about the arrival of the newcomers. Some Treaty provisions that come from this period include the following
- First Nation hunting territories would be preserved.
- Fist Nations people would be protected against fraud by private individuals.
- The British Crown asserted that held it " exclusive" right to enter into negotiations with First Nations peoples, although many First Nations considered it their sovereign right to negotiate with any nation they chose.
- Treaty negotiations between the Crown and First Nations peoples would be conducted at public assemblies.
Long ago, the buffalo provided almost everything for the Fist Nations peoples in the west to survive. Even thought the buffalo continues to be sacred, it does not hold the same significance today. Some First Nation Elders and leaders now teach that the "new buffalo" is education.
Most of the Treaties promise to "maintain a school on each reserve." However, not all First Nations have school. In some cases the schools do not offer classes up to Grade 12, and students must leave home in order to graduate.
hunting, fishing, and farming
- Education- Cultural beliefs, traditions, and customs are shaped by formal and informal education
- Customs and Traditions- how you behave, rituals, celebrations, and beliefs
- Language-society uses language to communicate to pass on history, share stories, teach traditions, and exchange beliefs
- Spiritual Systems- patterns of beliefs held by a group, can help answer questions
- Government- monarchy, democracy, constitutional monarchy, dictatorship
- Economic Systems- throughout the world must find ways to produce and distribute goods, services, and other resources to people
-Social Organization- a way society organizes its members into smaller groups
- Arts and Storytelling- like language art can be used in societies to express and develop cultural ideas and beliefs
- Play-children will play, they learn about their culture
arts and the canadian identity
why should you learn about cultures?
Canada is made up of many cultures. This gives Canadians the opportunity to learn about and appreciate other cultures. Lack of understanding about what other people believe and value can lead to racism or prejudice. Lack of knowledge can lead people to make assumption and judgements about others. This can lead to bias and stereotypes.
Its also important to learn about you own culture. The better you know you self, the better you can understand and appreciate others.