- The tiny worms penetrate the skin and enter the bloodstream.
- The worms then move through the bloodstream and pass through the right side of the heart and into the lungs.
- The parasites travel from the lungs up the windpipe and into the mouth.
- The infected person unknowingly swallows the worms into his or her stomach.
- The worms move into the small intestine of the human host.
- The worms lay eggs, which hatch into larvae.
- The larvae are expelled from the host’s body in his or her feces.
- The larvae can infect the body by penetrating the skin around the anus or they can develop into mature worms and infect another host on contact.
- Lifestyle: The Strongloidiasis are free-living at juvenile stage of their life. They become parasitic once they are mature adults and get inside a host body.
- In most case, strongyloidiasis causes no symptom. If symptom are present, they may include: upper abdominal pain or burning, diarrhea or alternating diarrhea and constipation, cough, rash, red hives near the anus, vomiting, weight loss.
- Treatment:The medicine of choice to treat strongyloidiasis is a single dose of the anti-parasitic medication Ivermectin, given for one or two days. Ivermectin works by killing the worms in your small intestine.
- You are more likely to have the infection if you travel to South America, Africa, or other tropical regions. You are at a much higher risk if you travel to rural areas, areas with unsanitary living conditions, or areas without adequate public health services.