By: Lauren Wake

What is Schizophrenia?

  • Schizophrenia is a group of disorders characterized by confused and disconnected thoughts, emotions, and perceptions.

  • It affects about 1% of people worldwide, including about 2.4 million Americans.

  • If this is present in your family, then you have a higher chance of having schizophrenia.

  • There is no single cause or cure for schizophrenia.

  • A person with this would show a wide assortment of symptoms.

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Symptoms of Schizophrenia

  • People with schizophrenia experience many symptoms.

  • Delusions are false beliefs that a person maintains in the face of contrary evidence.

  • Hallucinations are perceptions that have no direct external cause.

  • Incoherence is a marked decline in thought processes.

  • Language is sped up. It sounds like a bunch of words thrown together.

  • Disturbances of Affect are emotions that are inappropriate for the circumstances.

  • Deterioration in normal movement is where a person can have slow movement, non-movement, or highly agitated behavior.

  • Decline in previous levels of functioning and diverted attention are also symptoms.

Types of Schizophrenia

  • Paranoid Type: involves hallucination and delusions including grandeur and persecution.
  • Catatonic Type: may remain motionless for a long periods.
  • Disorganized Type: include incoherent language, inappropriate emotions, giggling for no apparent reason, generally disorganized motor behavior, and hallucinations and delusions.
  • Remission Type: applied to anyone whose symptoms are gone or still exist but are not severe enough to have earned a diagnosis of schizophrenia in the first place
  • Undifferentiated Type: the basic symptoms of Schizophrenia, such as deterioration of daily functioning, hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate emotions, and thought disorders

Causes of Schizophrenia

  • Biological Influences
  • Biochemistry and Physiology
  • Family and Interactions
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