CHANDRA TELESCOPE

the largest satellite shuttle ever launched

It is one of the best X-Ray telescopes ever created by NASA.

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HISTORY

Launched on June 23, 1999 as a part of the space shuttle Columbia.


This satellite was named after Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, a astrophysicist famous for his studies on White Dwarf Stars.


It has been in orbit for fourteen years.


LOCATION

It orbits around Earth in space at more than 1/3rd the distance between the Earth and Moon.


HOW IT WORKS

Dimensions:

  • 13.8 m x 19.5 m
  • 4800 kg (10,560 lbs)


Has three main components:


  1. The X-Ray Telescope.
  2. The instruments that converts the rays into images.
  3. The space craft itself.


The mirrors are the largest most precisely shaped and aligned and smoothest mirrors ever constructed.


It has a built in propulsion system with strange elliptical orbit.


The X-ray telescope detects clouds of hot gas and energy that stretches for millions of light years away, for example, it can detect a hot gas bubble produced by an exploding star.

The Trumpler 14

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WHAT IS CHANDRA USED FOR?

Chandra is used to collect data relating to massive collections of energy and gas that cannot be seen in other telescopes.


Chandra collects images of exploded planets and has observed the region around the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way galaxy.

MAJOR DISCOVERIES

Revealed more information about Dark Energy and how it is not dangerous.


Gave more proof that the universe is expanding, as well as more information about the origins of the universe.


Captured the first images of Cassiopeia.


Has tracked major activity in space, such as supernovas and the death of stars.


It has also discovered famous space phenomena such as the Crab Nebula, M82, and the Orion Nebula.

FUN FACTS

If Colorado was a smooth as Chandra's mirrors, Pikes Peak would be less than one inch tall!


The amount of electricity to power the Chandra is approximately 2 kilowatts. about the same to power a hairdryer.