Tropical Rainforest

By: Nick, Hunter, and Sunny

Plants In The Tropical Rainforest

Botanist

In the tropical rainforest, there is more than ⅔ of the plants life in the world. They also produce most of the world's oxygen supply and take in the carbon dioxide. There is a enormous variation of plants in the Tropical Rainforest due to the warm humid environment.

Animals In The Tropical Rainforest

Kiwi Bird

If you go to the tropical rainforest, you will find all kinds of animals. amphibians, birds, insects, fish, large cats, crustaceans, mammals, and reptiles. The Tiger Salamander has an interesting lifestyle. It is the largest salamander in the world. It can be 7-14 inches long.
Class- Amphibia
Subclass-Lissamphibia
Order-Caudata
Family-Ambystomatidae
Genus-Ambystoma
They are called Tiger Salamanders because of their vertical stripes.They live primarily on the ground.

The Kiwi Bird doesn’t fly and that is one distinction from it and other types of birds. They are about the size of a chicken. There are 5 species of them that have been recognized. They range in size based on location and species but they are about 18 inches tall and weigh about 7 pounds. This bird doesn’t have a tail either.

Endangered Species

  • Gorilla: About eighty percent of Gorillas have become extinct. They are primarily found in the rainforests of West Central Africa. Threat from hunters, habitat loss, and disease such as ebola virus are the major causes of their declining numbers.


  • Orangutan: Their numbers have declined by eighty percent in the last seventy-five years. Habitat loss, hunting, and trapping for trade have made them endangered animals. They are mainly found in the rainforests of the islands of Java and Sumatra.

  • Jaguar: This species of big cat is found in Mexico, and the Central and South American rainforests. Loss of rainforest habitats and threat from poachers has made them endangered animals.
  • Toucan: They are mostly found in the Central and South American rainforests. Habitat loss and capture for commercial pet markets have endangered their existence.
  • Bengal Tiger: They are primarily found in the eastern province of India, but they have also been located in Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Large-scale poaching and habitat loss has made them endangered animals.
  • Harpy Eagle: They are found in the lowland rainforests of Central and South America. Habitat loss and hunting are the main reasons for their endangerment.

The Weather In The Tropical Rainforest

There are no dry seasons in tropical rainforests, because it rains nearly every day. They receive between 1500 and 2500 millimeters of rain per year. The average temperature is 86 - 95 degrees fahrenheit during the day, and 68 - 77 degrees during the night. These temperatures rarely change. Tropical rainforests maintain a 77% - 88% humidity range. Having hot and humid climate like this is known as equatorial climate.

The Geography of The Tropical Rainforest

Intro

Most of the worlds Tropical Rainforest are located in Africa, southeast of Asia, and South America. The Amazon River is the worlds largest Tropical Rainforest, making it globally important, and is located in South America. Since it is part of 8 different South American countries, it covers 40% of South America.

Stuff to Bring Along

If you were to travel to a tropical rain forest, you'd want to bring light clothing and boots or tall socks. It's too hot to wear thick clothing for protection, but you would want boots or long socks since there are lots of plants and dangerous bugs. During the night it would be a good idea to have a mosquito net to place around your bed.

Activities

You could visit a variety of parks and reserves in the Amazon in multiple countries. Also take boat rides in the rivers like the Rio Negro. Enjoy the beauty of thousands of parrots and macaws in Peru. Take a life changing ride on the majestic horses and buffalo in Brazil.

Peru

2/3 of Peru is covered by the Amazon. Thousands of parrots and macaws gather at the Tambopata National Reserve to be fed. The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, the country's largest protected area, is only accessible through lodge or riverboat cruise.

Brazil

Rio Negro meets the Rio Solimoes, flow adjacently for a distance until it forms the Rio Grande. Marajo island is the largest river island in the world.

Columbia

The Amazon Rainforest covers more than one-third of Columbia. You can take a boat to Amacayacu National Natural Park which is known for its bird and reptile life. On the way you will pass by Monkey Island, named for the primates that inhabit it.

Bibliography

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