Dred Scott Decision

How did this help Start the Civil War?

How it started?

  • Dred Scott was a slave in the State of Missouri.
  • He master had to move to free state of Illinois and then to the free territory of Wisconsin, because he was a U.S Army Officer.
  • He lived on Free soil for a very long time.
  • The Army ordered His Master back to the Slave state of Missouri, and he took Scott back with him.
  • Scott's master died right after going back.

The Reason it Led to the Civil War.

  • Scott had gotten Abolitionist lawyers, to help him sue for claiming he should be free since he had lived on free soil for a long time.
  • This went all the way to the United States Supreme Court
  • They told him that he could not be free, that he was property.
  • Southerners approved the Dred Scott decision believing Congress had no right to prohibit slavery in the territories.
  • Abraham Lincoln reacted with disgust to the ruling and was spurred into political action, publicly speaking out against it.
  • Dred Scott decision had the effect of widening the political and social gap between North and South and took the nation closer to the brink of Civil War.