The Bill Of Rights
Valeria Hernandez US History 6 12-17-14
What is The Bill Of Rights?
1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Religion, and Press
Court Case: Ramos v. Town Of Vermon- Town wanted a curfew but court ruled that it was unconstitutional.
2nd Amendment: Right to Bear Arms
Columbia v. Heller- Court ruled that people could keep guns for self-defense. Justices ruled that man could keep guns at their house for self-defense.
3rd Amendment: Right to Privacy In The Home
Nevada Man- A man declared that his 3rd amendment was violated since police officers went into his home but the court concluded that police officers weren't really soldiers so they denied the man.
4th Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizure
Boyd v. United States- Boyd company made a deal of discount glass if only he did not have to pay fees for raw materials being imported. Court found out that Boyd was illegally importing more than enough glass.
5th Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process Of Law
Barron v. Baltimore- Baltimore didn't have to pay for damages done to property. Decision based on that the Bill Of Rights didn't extend to the states.
6th Amendment: Rights Of Accused Criminal Cases
Barker v. Wingo- Barker stated that his rights were violated since he didn't receive a speedy trial. Court decided that this was wrong and declined Barker and stated that the trail is not referred to being speedy.
7th Amendment: Right to a Jury Trial
Lavender v. Kurn- Hanley died from head injuries due to working on train and that a mail hook came into contact with him. Lavender claimed that Hanley was murdered but the court ruled that Hanley was simply hit by a hook and didn't get murdered.
8th Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Gregg v. Georgia- Gregg convicted of a murder in Georgia . They reviewed the death penalty and ruled that the death penalty wasn't a cruel/unusual punishment for his crime.
9th Amendment: Rights Retained By The People
Roe v. Wade- Norma McCorvey changed her identity to Jane Roe insake of privacy of her high profile case. This was argued and court said that her rights were guaranteed and later was found unconstitutional since the gov. made her decisions for her.
10th Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers
Hammer v. Dagenhart- Child labor was unconstitutional and companies were using children for work. The court passed an act stating that children to young or worked too many hours can't work.