The Bill Of Rights

Valeria Hernandez US History 6 12-17-14

What is The Bill Of Rights?

The Bill Of Rights protects citizens of the United States.

1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Religion, and Press

You have the freedom to say/write whatever you want. You can choose any religion you want. You can speak about complaints and the Gov. can't stop you.

Court Case: Ramos v. Town Of Vermon- Town wanted a curfew but court ruled that it was unconstitutional.

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2nd Amendment: Right to Bear Arms

Citizens can protect themselves; Gov. can't stop people from owning a gun. To protect the country, citizens sometimes must serve as soldiers.

Columbia v. Heller- Court ruled that people could keep guns for self-defense. Justices ruled that man could keep guns at their house for self-defense.

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3rd Amendment: Right to Privacy In The Home

Soldiers can't come into your house and demand to live their and eat your food.

Nevada Man- A man declared that his 3rd amendment was violated since police officers went into his home but the court concluded that police officers weren't really soldiers so they denied the man.

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4th Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizure

Police must have a search warrant in order to come in and search your house. They must tell you exactly what they're searching for.

Boyd v. United States- Boyd company made a deal of discount glass if only he did not have to pay fees for raw materials being imported. Court found out that Boyd was illegally importing more than enough glass.

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5th Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process Of Law

For a capital crime, a grand jury has to decide if there is enough evidence to charge you. Only be charged once for a crime. If not found guilty, you cannot be tried again. Don't have to say anything for yourself.

Barron v. Baltimore- Baltimore didn't have to pay for damages done to property. Decision based on that the Bill Of Rights didn't extend to the states.

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6th Amendment: Rights Of Accused Criminal Cases

If charged with a crime, trial should happen asap. Shouldn't be waiting in jail for many years for a trial. Trial must be held in public. Gov. has to tell you what you're being accused of and who charged you. Can have a lawyer to defend you.

Barker v. Wingo- Barker stated that his rights were violated since he didn't receive a speedy trial. Court decided that this was wrong and declined Barker and stated that the trail is not referred to being speedy.

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7th Amendment: Right to a Jury Trial

You can have a jury settle all cases involving a lot of money. Once case is decided, it can't be brought up in future cases in court.

Lavender v. Kurn- Hanley died from head injuries due to working on train and that a mail hook came into contact with him. Lavender claimed that Hanley was murdered but the court ruled that Hanley was simply hit by a hook and didn't get murdered.

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8th Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Punishment should fit your crime. Gov. can't punish you in a cruel or unusual way.

Gregg v. Georgia- Gregg convicted of a murder in Georgia . They reviewed the death penalty and ruled that the death penalty wasn't a cruel/unusual punishment for his crime.

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9th Amendment: Rights Retained By The People

Not the only rights you have. Gov. can't take your rights.

Roe v. Wade- Norma McCorvey changed her identity to Jane Roe insake of privacy of her high profile case. This was argued and court said that her rights were guaranteed and later was found unconstitutional since the gov. made her decisions for her.

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10th Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers

If constitution doesn't give you a power then as long as it doesn't say that states can't do something then states have that power.

Hammer v. Dagenhart- Child labor was unconstitutional and companies were using children for work. The court passed an act stating that children to young or worked too many hours can't work.

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