The Writing Process

An essential element to a polished academic text.

1.1 Breaking Down the Writing Task

In this step, there are two things you need to figure out: the audience and purpose. After you know your audience, you need to decide a few things about them. Are they interested in your topic? What do they know about the topic? What do they need/want to know about the topic? What experiences has your audience had that would influence their opinion or knowledge of the subject? What should they gain from the text? As far as the purpose, there are a few purposes to choose from: Summary, Argument/Persuasion, Narrate, Evaluate, Analyze, Respond, Examine/Investigate, Observation.

1.2 Brainstorming

Used when you have too much information, or not enough, to compile it in an orderly fashion.

  • Freewriting

    • Write down everything you think of

    • Set time limits/Space limits

    • Look back and find the best

    • Write and then reread to find best parts

    • Breaking down the topic

    • Have a general knowledge on the topic

  • Cubing

    • Describe it

    • Compare it

    • Associate it

    • Analyze it

    • Apply it

    • Argue for and against

  • Clustering/Mapping/Webbing

    • Using different terms and words and putting them in webs

  • Thinking outside the box

    • Being creative

    • Thinking differently than others

1.3 Outlining

An outline helps organize your thoughts and realize how to compose your essay. First, find your thesis statement, which will drive your essay. Next, divide your main thoughts into body paragraphs. Finally, discover how you will conclude your essay. The outline format should look like this:

  • Introduction - Includes thesis statement and main point of essay

    1. Also have more information to get audience interested

    2. And include other points needed to get point across

  • Body Paragraph 1

    1. Talk about one topic

    2. Include other details

  • Body Paragraph

    1. Same as Body Paragraph 1

    2. If needed, add another body paragraph

  • Conclusion - Reiterate thesis

    1. Wrap up essay and ideas

    2. Leave the audience AMAZED!! :)

2 Drafting

Drafts are never perfect. They are usually based off ideas from “Pre-Writing.” Drafting also takes time. Even if it feels like you are wasting a lot of time, it will be worth it in the end. You should never procrastinate and only do one draft, then your writing won’t be the best it can be. In the early stages of drafting, you will have many different and new ideas that you didn’t think of in “Pre-Writing. Never go back and trouble yourself, thats the greatness of drafting. You edit when you are in the revising phase.

3 Revising

Revision is making sure that you have a strong thesis, good organization, and enough information on the topic .

  1. Wait an hour or two after your first draft of your writing, then read it. Afterwards, judge and evaluate it.

  2. Focus on the important part first. Then, you can focus more on the little things.

  3. Think about your thesis, and decide if you still agree with it or if you have changed your mind.

  4. Check your organization make sure your writing is nice, neat and not all over the place.

  5. Make sure your information is true and cite your sources.

4.1 Editing

  • Content

    • See if everything required in essay is there along with:

      • Facts or opinions

      • Consistency

      • Evidence

  • Structure

    • Introduction/conclusion

    • Thesis

    • Logical sequence of paragraphs

    • Transitions

  • Structure in paragraphs

    • Topic sentence

    • One singular idea

  • Style

    • Use correct tone

    • Unnecessary phrases avoided

  • Citations


4.2 Editing Checklist

  • Self editing:

    • Read piece out loud to see where and how to punctuate

    • Check for capital letters at beginning of sentences and proper nouns

    • Check for complete sentences

    • Edit run-on sentences

    • Check spelling and correct tenses

  • Peer Edit

    • Read piece out loud to check for punctuation errors

    • Check for quotation marks and parenthetical documentation

    • Check for capitals and proper nouns

    • Check spelling and sentence structures

5 Publishing

The closest to perfect for the writing task possible.