By: Sarah Locher
Colonization/Slave Trade Map
Apartheid in Soth Africa Timeline
21st Century Issues in Africa Chart
Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africas Independence
The Pan-African Movement led to the African Union and it's fights for improved living conditions in Africa it also is the beginning of the nationalism movement. Pan-African means that there is a global African community around the world. Nationalism is taking a strong pride in ones country and wanting self government. This movement led to the independence of Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa.
Kenya got it's independence by force. They felt their land was taken unfairly and organized the Mau Mau to fight the British. Many Kenyans died in the action, but barley any British soldiers died. In 1963 the first democratic election in Kenya was held and Kenya was now independent.
Nigeria got it's independence peacefully. When the British got control of Nigeria they divided it into two colonies. Both colonies set political parties into action and by October 1, 1960 got their independence without needing to fight.
South Africa had to fight for their independence. In 1948 the Nationalist party was elected to power and established Apartheid. Apartheid is the discrimination of races in South Africa. It's also the reason why the ANC was formed. With ANC people fought for their equality until the 1990's when they had their first democratically elected president and brought an end to apartheid.