The Spinning Jenny

"A Change In The Textile Industry"

Who is the inventor? Is there a second inventor who made improvements on the original invention?

The inventor was James Hargreaves, but there was another person who made improvements and he was an Englishman by the name of Samuel Crompton who invented the Spinning Mule and another, Sir Richard Arkwright, who made the Water Frame.

How does this invention work?

It had the use of a moving bar that was operated by a foot pedal, then the cotton fibers were drawn out. The fibers were then twisted lightly and spun onto eight separate spindles. Even though it wasnt like the yarn produced on a hand-spun wheel, the jenny's yarn was weak and sometimes lumpy. It was usable for weft but wasnt able to be used for warp so you had to have much stronger linen to do so.

What is the purpose of the invention?

It was a invention made to improve the productivity of the Flying Shuttle, a invention made by John Kay.

Where did the invention occur?

England.

When did the invention occur?

In the year 1754 but was in development for 14 years until the first one was made.

Why was there a need for this invention?

Since the Flying Shuttle could only do one thread at a time, the Spinning Jenny was made to increase the productivity and to make the act of spreading and weaving of thread faster.

Why is this invention important to history?

This invention is important to history because it was one of the best cloth spinners at the time, making it easier and more efficient to spread and weave out peices of yarn and cotton, and with the improvements made over time, we now have what we have today that wouldent be here if it wasnt for the Spinning Jenny.

Bibliography

"James Hargreaves." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Student Resources in Context. Web. 3 Feb. 2014.

Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CK2643411254&v=2.1&u=copp00443&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=538fe10a780371f396a3da5dbc54f875


"Spinning jenny." World of Invention. Gale, 2006. Student Resources in Context. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCV2210049406&v=2.1&u=copp00443&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=b660c5a8d177aeb1a17df7d95edf497a


"Spinning mule." World of Invention. Gale, 2006. Student Resources in Context. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCV1647500741&v=2.1&u=copp00443&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=5d0f621db9bff3c9e4b12f85d51a4720

"Spinning jenny." World of Invention. Gale, 2006. Student Resources in Context. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.

Document URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCV1647500740&v=2.1&u=copp00443&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=2dbfd410eea49538cd98403ad1ac66b2


"Industrial Revolution." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/275053#202612.toc>.