Basic first aid for adults

By Julia Holden

Checking an injured/ill adult

1) check for responsiveness

2) if no response, call 911

3) open the airway

4) check for breathing

5) scan for severe bleeding



1) give 5 back blows

2) give 5 abdominal thrusts

3) continue until person can breathe, object is forced out, or person passes out.


1) give rescue breaths

2) give 30 chest compressions

3) look for and remove object if visible

40 give 2 rescue breaths

if breaths do not make the chest rise, repeat steps 2-4

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1) give 30 chest compressions

2) give two rescue breaths

Do not stop unless someone can take over, an AED is ready for use, there are obvious signs of life, or the area becomes unsafe.

Using an AED

(use on an adult or child over 8 years old or above 55 pounds)

1) turn on AED

2) wipe off bare chest

3) attach pads

4) plug in connector if necessary

5) stand clear, make sure no one is touching the person

6) analyze the heart rate

7) deliver shock if advised

8) perform CPR

External Bleeding

1) cover the wound with a sterile dressing

2) apply direct pressure until bleeding stops

3) cover the dressing with a bandage

4) apply more pressure and call 911

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1) remove from source of the burn

2) cool the burn with cold running water

4) cover loosely with sterile dressing

5) call 911 if the burn is severe

6) care for shock

Call 911 immediately for:


Head/Neck/Spinal injury

minimize movement and stabilize the head using your hands. Do NOT move the head from the position you found it in.


ask the person to smile, raise both arms, and repeat a simple sentence. Call 911 if you notice slurred speech, or strange body responses.