December 26 till January 1
When is it celebrated?
How did it orginated?
It was created in 1966, after the Watts riots in Los Angeles. Dr. Maulana Karenga, professor and chairman of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach, looked for ways to bring African-Americans together as a community. Karenga founded US, a cultural organization, and started to research African "first fruit" (harvest) celebrations. He combined aspects of several different harvest celebrations, such as those of the Ashanti and the Zulu, to form the basis of Kwanzaa.
Is it a Religious holiday?
What are the Customs?
The Seven Principles of Kwanza: ( Nguzo Saba )
- Umoja: Unity - Unity of the family, community, nation and race
- Kujichagulia: Self-Determination - Being responsible for your own conduct and behaviour
- Ujima: Collective work and responsibility - Working to Help each other and in the community
- Ujamaa: Cooperative economics - Working to build shops and businesses
- Nia: Purpose - Remembering and restoring African and African American cultures, customs and history
- Kuumba: Creativity - Using creating and your imagination to make communities better
- Imani: Faith - Believing in people, families, leaders, teachers and the righteousness of the African American struggle