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Potassium is an Alkali metal, and found in the first column of the periodic table. It is one of the most active elements. Due to potassium being so active, it is never found as an element free in nature.Potassium is always found in a compound or combined with another element. There are very few uses for potassium as a pure element. Physical properties of Potassium include that it is a soft, silvery-white metal that can float on water. It has a very low melting point of 145°F and a boiling point of 1,420°F. Chemical properties include that potassium will react violently if combined with water. Other elements that could cause a violent reaction when combined with potassium include sulfur, chlorine, fluorine, phosphorus, and nitrogen.

Potassium is the eighth most abundant element on Earth. Potassium occurs in many different minerals. Some of the important minerals potassium is found in include sylvite (potassium chloride), or carnallite (magnesium chloride), or langbeinite (magnesium sulfate). There are three natural isotopes of potassium, potassium-39, potassium-40, and potassium-41. There are also ten radioactive isotopes of potassium known. The most important compound of potassium is potassium chloride. Potassium is one of the three primary nutrients required by plants.


Potassium is an essential nutrient, and used many times in someone’s daily life. It is a mineral that acts as an electrolyte conducting electrical current in your body. Potassium is abundant in many dietary substances, so most people don’t suffer deficiencies very often. It is also used in multiple medicines, and helps to improve in daily quality of life. Potassium is a nutrient for plants and animals, for medical purposes, and is used for industrial reasons on a daily basis.