The Civil War Battles

By: Julia Wisniewski

The 7 Battles

On December 26th of 1860 General Joseph Anderson moved his army to Fort Sumter he was worried about there safety. Anderson had a big job he was leading 85 soldiers. There was one problem, there was limited supplies like food. Then soon to come, on April 11th, 1861, Confederate Brig. Gen. Beauregard sent aides to Anderson to demand the fort’s surrender, Anderson then refused. The next morning at 4:30 am Confederate batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter and this continued for 34 hours. This battle was the beginning of the civl war. Anderson and his army left it go for the first 2 hours, then they could know longer resist. After this war, Saturday April 13th, Anderson surrendered the fort. He surrendered with all of his army, none of them were killed. That then created the battle of Fort Sumter.

On September 16th,1862, General George B. McClellan and his Union Army confronted Robert E. Lee’s army of Northern Virginia at Sharpsburg, Maryland. This all lead up to the next day. September 17th, Major General Joseph Hooker’s union corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee’s left flank. This event then started the battle of Antietam. This war was know as the bloodiest day in the history of American Military History.

The battle Vicksburg was one of the more remarkable campaigns of the American Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee had been trying to pull away the strategic Confederate river fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In late April 1863, Grant undertook a new and bold campaign against Vicksburg and the Confederate defenders with John Pemberton. After conducting a surprise attack below Vicksburg at Bruinsburg, Mississippi, Grants forces moved rapidly inland, pushing back the threat posed by Joseph E.

After his outstanding victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, in May 1863, Robert E. Lee led his army of Northern Virginia in its second invasion of the North. With his army Lee wanted to collect supplies in the Pennsylvania farmland and take the fighting away from Virginia. Prodded by President Lincoln, Major General Joseph Hooker moved his Union army of the Potomac in pursuit. When Lee heard the Meade was in Pennsylvania he concentrated his army near Gettysburg. The two armies collided west and north of the town on July 1st 1863. As many as 51,000 soldiers from both armies were killed, wounded, captured or missing in the three day battle. 4 months after the battle President Lincoln used the dedication ceremony for Gettysburg's Soldiers.

On July 21st Sherman’s 3 armies were still more or less separated. Wheeler reported that as McPherson’s army marched in on Atlanta from the east. This gave Hood with an opportunity to launch a flank attack. Hood planned for his forces to drop back from their outer lines north of the city into the main fortified perimeter around the city on the night of July 21. Confederate won but Hood’s effort to roll up Sherman’s left flank had failed. This battle is now known as Sherman’s March to sea or Atlanta.

After the failure of his December expedition agains Fort Fisher, Major General Benjamin Butler was relieved of command. Major General Alfred Terry was placed in command of a Provisional Corps including Paine's Division of U.S. Colored Troops, and supported by a naval force of nearly 60 vessels, to renew operations against the fort. After a preliminary bombardment directed by. David D. Porter on January 13th, Union forces landed and prepared an attack on Major General Robert Hook’s infantry line. The Confederate garrison surrendered opening the way for a Federal thrust against Wilmington.Which was the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast. This battle is known as Fort Fisher.

Approximately 9,000 men under Gordon and Fitzhugh Lee deployed in the fields west of the village before dawn and waited. The attack launched before 8:00 am. and led by General Bryan Grimes of North Carolina was successful. Although not the end of the war, the surrender of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia set the stage for its conclusion. These measures served as a blueprint for the surrender of the remaining Confederate forces throughout the South. The submission of the Confederate armies ended the war and began the long and difficult road toward reunification. This was known as the battle of Appomattox Court House.

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