WHAT'S INSIDE A COMPUTER?

BY: SOFIA LEGAKI 7B

Motherboard Component - NIC

An NIC (Network Interface Controller) is a network adapter.It's a cicuit card that is installed inside a computer so it can connect to a network.
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Motherboard Component - CPU

The central processing unit (CPU) is the brain of your computer. It handles all the instructions that you give to your computer, and the faster it does it, the better.

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Motherboard Component - CPU Fan (Cooler)

The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the most important element of the computer. It’s called the brain of the computer. It processes data and interprets the computer’s hardware and software.


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Motherboard Component - Northbridge

Northbridge is an Intel chipset that communicates with the computer processor and controls interaction with memory, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI).
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Motherboard Component - Audio Jacks

Audio jacks are found on many types of audio equipment and musical instruments that accept items plugged into them. In a car, an audio jack, (also called a "media jack" or "auxiliary (AUX) jack,") is a small phone socket that connects any portable music player to the vehicle's amplifier, which is the place where you can plug in, and speakers.


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Motherboard Component - Southbridge

The southbridge is one of the two chips amongst all the chipsets on a PC motherboard, The northbridge ties the southbridge to the CPU. Through the use of controller integrated channel circuitry, the northbridge can directly link signals from the I/O units to the CPU for data control and access.

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Motherboard Component - AGP Slot

The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is a high-speed channel for attaching a video card to a computer system. It’s a graphics controller has direct access to the system memory.
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Motherboard Component - PCI Slot

A Peripheral Component Interconnect is used to attach hardware to a computer. Although it has been used since 2000, it has been replaced by PCI Express. 3 examples of PCI devices -> modem -> network card -> sound card -> video card.
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Motherboard Component - CMOS Battery

The CMOS (complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor) Battery is the small amount of memory on a computer motherboard (short term memory) that stores the BIOS settings.
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Motherboard Component - SATA Port

The SATA Port ( abbreviated as Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus that connects big storage devices like hard disk drives and optical drives.


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Motherboard Component - IDE Connector

The IDE Connector (Integrated Drive Electronics) is an interface connecting storage devices such as hard drives and Cd’s or Dvd’s. Only one cable does this important job!


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Motherboard Component - RAM

The RAM (Random Access Memory) is a computer memory that can be accessed randomly. RAM is the most common type of memory found in computers and other devices, such as printers..
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Motherboard Component - VGA Port

The VGA (Video Graphics Array) is a video connector found in many video cards and comuter monitors. It contains a cable. It carries video signals and data.
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Motherboard Component - DVI Port

The Digital Visual Interface is a video display interface. The digital interface is used to connect a video source to a display advice.
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Motherboard Component - USB (Stick)

The USB (Universal Serial Bus) is the most popular connection used to connect a computer to devices such as digital cameras, printers, scanners, and hard drives.
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