Papua New Guinea

By Marilyn White

In this newsletter you will learn interesting facts about Papua New Guinea.

About Papua New Guinea


Bodies of water:

Karawari river

Mendi river

Septik river

Wahgi river

Gulf of Papua

Ramu river

Strickland river

Digul river


Great Papua Plateau

Mountain ranges:

Owen Stanley range






Lots of rainfall, climate ranging from around 26-28 degrees celcius on average.

Animals and plants unique to Papua New Guinea

Animals- fauna and the striking blue fish.

Plants- herbarium

People and languages

Ethnic groups- Melanesians, Negritos, Micronesians, and Polynesians.

Languages- English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu.

Land use

farming- coffee and fishing

Industry- agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining, quarrying, petroleum, manufacturing, electricity, gas, construction, wholesale and retail trade, transport, storage, imports

Mining- some of the worlds richest mineral reserves

Tourism- tourism is fledging but there are many attractions for potential visitors

Religion and education

Religion- the major religion of Papua New Guinea is Christianity. Two other religions in Papua New Guinea are Totemism and Animism.

Education- there is quite some tribal society in New Guinea, so practical skills, social behavior, and spiritual beliefs are highly incorporated in their education which makes them unique from American education systems.


Traditions- there are many traditions in Papua New Guinea due to its diversity. For many years, in fact, some tribes there used seashells as currency. Another tradition is that elders have much respect and power. Also, tribes emd battles with large parties with colorful face paint and lots of food.

Food- diets throughout Papua New Guinea are largely vegetarian. Taro, sago, and yams are the three staple foods. People who live near rivers, though, eat a lot of fish and crab meat.


The prehistory of Papua New Guinea can be traced back to around 60,000 years ago when people began migrating towards Australia.

Current issues

Current issues in Papua New Guinea include acid rain, deforestation, desertification, and endangered species.

Natural resources

The main natural resources in Papua New Guinea Include gold, copper ore, fish, oil palm, tea, and rubber.