Rise of Industrial America

Andrew Merritt

Andrew Carnegie

Who: A Scottish-American industrialist. ​Born: November 25, 1835, Dunfermline, United Kingdom. Died: August 11, 1919, Lenox, MA

What: Led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry.

Where: Carnegie co-founded his first steel company, near Pittsburgh.

When: In the late 19th century. About 1870.

Why: Because he was one of the richest and one of the most powerful people in the world.

Citation: Andrew Carnegie. History.com. Feb. 5, 2014. Www.history.com

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Thomas Alva Edison

Who: Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration - Thomas Edison.

What: Invented over 1,000 things. Including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

Where: In Menlo Park, New York, and West Orange, New Jersey.

When: 1868 to about 1830.

Why: To make the US a more advanced country.

Citation: Thomas Alva Edison Biography. Edison.rutgers.edu. Feb. 10, 2014. http://edison.rutgers.edu/biogrphy.htm.

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Who: Children, adults, and immigrants.

What: Extreme exploitation, including the absence of a living wage or long work hours,

Poor working conditions, such as health and safety hazards,
Arbitrary discipline, such as verbal or physical abuse, or
Fear and intimidation when they speak out, organize, or attempt to form a union.

Where: All over the country.

When: During the 19th century.

Why: Because it was cheap labor.

Citation: Creating a sweat free world. Laborrights.org. Feb. 10, 2014. http://www.laborrights.org/creating-a-sweatfree-world/sweatshops.

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Central Pacific

Who: A railroad company.

What: Helped create the first railroad.

Where: From the east coast to the west coast.

When: On May 10, 1869.

Why: So the US could transport stuff quicker.

Citation: Fabion, Sharon. The Transcontinental Railroad. Moodle.com. Feb 11, 2014. http://classroom.iascschools.org/moodle/mod/book/view.php?id=4215