Indigenous Religions

Native religions from all over the world


Place of Origin- Mesoamerica (Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize)

World view- . In the Mayan worldview, the plane on which we live is just one level of a multi-layered universe made up of 13 heavens and nine underworlds. Each of these planes is ruled by a specific god and inhabited by others.

Ultimate Reality- Hunab Ku was the creator god.

Time and Space- The Mayan's used a 260-day calander. The Mayan calendar is cyclical.

Reverence of Nature-The Maya are one of many indigenous cultures around the world that engages in what is known as a nature-based religion.Spiritual significance is found in all living things. The Maya revere each animal and plant.


Place of Origin- The Navajo's historical land was spread across Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona.

World View-The purpose of life is to achieve balance, in a continual cycle of gaining and retaining harmony.

Ultimate Reality- The Navajo's believe life exists due at the Almighty, a spiritual force. It's not a person but a thing that is formless and just exists in the universe. The sun is viewed as the power of the Almighty

Time and Space- Navajo believe time is cyclical.

Reverence for Nature- Many animals and forces of nature carry significance or a taboo to the Navajo. They also believed that they should live in harmony with nature.

Similarities and Differences

Indigenous religions shared more similarities than differences. Many believed that time is cyclical, though the Egyptians disagreed with that. The Navajo were the only group that monotheistic, while the others had one main god with smaller gods or just many different gods. Nature also showed importance in some of these indigenous religions, tying into their worldview. Even though these religions were from different places and practiced by different people, they each shared some sort of similarity.