Organic Macromolecules

By; Jalen Regina

Carbohydrates

  • Element It's Composed Of- Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen.
  • Subunits- Monosaccharides.
  • Used In For Living Things- Short term energy storage, structure (cell walls) exoskeletons
  • Examples- Mono-glucose (used for cell energy) di-sucrose lactose poly- starch (plant energy) cellulose glycogen (animals store energy)
  • Special Features- Usually ends in ose

Proteins

  • Elements It's Composed Of- Carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen sulfur
  • Subunits- Amino acids
  • Used In For Living Things- Digestion -hair, nails -carry oxygen in blood
  • Examples- Hemoglobin enzymes keratin antibodies
  • Special Features- Peptide bond (covalent)

Lipids

  • Elements It's Composed Of- Carbon hydrogen oxygen
  • Subunits- Glycerol and fatty acids
  • Used In For Living Things- Insulation -long term energy storage -protects organs -immunity
  • Examples- Waxes oils fats steroids (cholesterol, estrogen, testosterone heroin)
  • Special Features- Non-polar, hydrophobic

Nucleic Acids

  • Elements It's Composed Of- Carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen phosphorus
  • Subunits- Nucleotides
  • Used In For Living Things- Make proteins
  • Examples- DNA RNA ATP
  • Special Features- Found in the nucleus of every cell