Causes of the Vietnam War

By: Samuel Hernandez

After World War II

During the early 1950's Japanese forces over-through the French rule in Vietnam. According to HistoryLearningSite.com, "Before World War Two, Vietnam had been part of the French Empire. During the war, the country had been overrun by the Japanese" (Trueman). Vietnam was divided into Northern and Southern Vietnam due to disagreements about governments. The North wanted Vietnam to be a communist country, while the South wanted it to be democratic country. Northern Vietnam was lead by communist leader Ho Chi MInh and Southern Vietnam was lead by democratic leader Ngo Dinh Diem. North Vietnam and South Vietnam declared war against each other in the late 1950's. This caught the attention of the United States. The U.S. was afraid that if Vietnam became a communist country, other countries surrounding it would become communists as well. This was later known as the "Domino Effect". Northern Vietnam was allied with China and the Soviet Union. Southern Vietnam was allied with the United States and France. The French became allies with Southern Vietnam in hopes to have their rule over Vietnam restored.

Vietnam War

In 1954, Northern Vietnam started invading Southern Vietnam to assist Southern Vietnamese rebels. This lead to the beginning of the Vietnam War. The U.S. would send troops to Southern Vietnam to assist with the war. However according to the CNN library, "By 1964, the Viet Cong, the Communist guerrilla force, has 35,000 troops in South Vietnam". No matter how many U.S. troops were sent, Northern Vietnam was willing to fight until the very end. The war lasted about 21 years and throughout that time there were about 15 million casualties from those fighting in South Vietnam. The war ended in 1975 after Northern Vietnam invaded the city Saigon and the south surrendered. The U.S. removed their troops from Vietnam in 1973 which would assume the loss of Southern Vietnam.

Who is to blame for the Vietnam War?

Many people have different views on the Vietnam War. The blame could be put on the French for attacking North Vietnam when all the north wanted was a peaceful communist country. The North could be the ones to blame fro wanting Vietnam to be communist in the first place. More specifically, the blame could be put on North Vietnam's president, Ho Chi Minh. He was the one that created the Viet Minh forces that invaded South Vietnam. Also the Viet Cong, a communist rebels' group, was a great interference in the war that may also receive the blame.

I believe Ho Chi Minh for wanting to convert Vietnam into a communist country in the first place. The whole chain of events would have not occurred if Vietnam's government had simply stay the same.

Annotated Bibliography

1."Vietnam War Fast Facts - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

The source is a general text and did not list any origin to the information provided. This can create the assumption that the information may not be accurate. However, since the source is well known, the information can be accurate. However, the source gives a good understanding of the Vietnam War.


2.Trueman, Chris. "The Causes of the Vietnam War - History Learning Site." History Learning Site. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.

This source is also a general text and also did not cite any sources. This source is not well known and could make the information inaccurate.


3."Ho Chi Minh." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

This is also a general text and also did not cite their sources. However, there are many authors so there can be information from many different sources. Also there are some primary sources like a speech by U.S. President John F. Kennedy.


4."Ho Chi Minh." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

This source is also a general text and also does not cite their sources. However, there is a lot of information on Ho Chi Minh, and there is the assumption that not all of the information is inaccurate.