Canada 2060 Assignment

By Abyalew Tesfaye

Introduction

Throughout the years in Canada, there have been many changes that improved and worsen our lifestyle. Most people believe that change can be fortunate or unfortunate depending on your way of perspective. I believe in 2060 that the events leading to that year will help strengthen Canada's economy and lifestyle through the changes of Canada's immigration, demography and First Nations Alliance. We Canadians won't be looking back at the past to solve our problems of economy and population anymore, but to the future.

Current Immigration Situations

Canada's recent intake of immigrants since 1990 has been an average of 250,000 per year. Out of these number of immigrants, most of them have come from Asia (China and the Philippines) and the Middle East (India and Pakistan). The reason why they need so many immigrants is to increase Canada's economy. Canada also need immigrants to increase their population because even though Canada is the second largest country in the world in area, doesn't mean they have one of the greatest population in the world. In fact Canada is only thirty seventh in the world in their quantity of population, meaning they need immigrants to increase their population since about thirty percent of Canada's population is made up of immigrants recently.

Canada is very serious now when selecting immigrants, unlike before when Canada was a very young country and they were just selecting random immigrants to increase their population. They use a points system to decide which immigrant can improve their country economically the most. The most recent selection system is out of one hundred points, having six factors to get you those points, education being the largest and key factor of getting points.

People who committed serious crimes, are part of terrorist groups or pose a serious health threat are not allowed in Canada. There are many recent pull factors for immigrants to come to Canada including the right to have freedom, healthcare and other livable means. Immigrants are unfortunately not able to receive these benefits in their home country, making Canada a reasonable country to live in.


Current push factors for immigrants to leave their old country include being persecuted and living in poverty. One of the key reasons these push factors occur today is because of all the war and conflict countries are with each other. They never stopped to realized how this can damage their economy and what kind of cruelty their citizens will go through, making immigrants seek refuge in a positive like Canada.

Most immigrants now are settling in more metropolitan cities such as the "big three", Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Yet many immigrants live in the urban areas of Canada, there has been a change recently of immigrants settling to other urban areas that weren't as populated as the "big three". Canada's current immigration situation tells us that Canada relies heavily on their immigrants for economical and population growth.


Canada's current immigration situation also tells us that not only does Canada rely on their immigrants, but their immigrants rely on them too. These immigrants are mostly coming from countries that are struggling through poverty and economy. Some immigrants rely on Canada to keep them safe from war that in their previous home. These current immigration situations Canada has shows how helpful they are to immigrants.

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This triple bar graph shows the top ten foreign countries Canada's immigrants are from. The graph shows the number of immigrants from those countries through the years of 2008, 2009 and 2010. This graph also shows how most immigrants are from Asia (Philippines, India and China)

Immigration in 2060

Immigration in Canada will change vastly in 2060 because of the various events and situations that could lead up to that date. There has been many conflict throughout the world that has to do with a disagreement between two countries and or nations. It could be very likely that one of these conflict disputes could result in a war that will bring down the countries' economy, leaving its citizens to live in poverty or labour camps.


By 2060, Canada will be accepting refugees to live in their country until the conflict in their country has decreased. It is most likely that Canada won't be as effected as these refugees' countries since Canada is well known for not interfering with other countries' affairs, making Canada one of the key countries for refugees to flee there.

Most refugees will stay in Canada to become a Canadian citizen and live a better, increasing Canada's population. With so many immigrants coming to Canada, it is most likely they won't be living in the "big three" (Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal) or any other over populated urban areas.


Immigrants will be settling in towns and cities that are more younger and surrounding cities of the "big three" (Mississauga is an example) than other old cities (Toronto for instants) since these cities won't be overwhelmingly populated for landed immigrants. This can be easily predicted by the slight change of immigrant settlement happening now.

At 2060, all of the baby boomers will most likely be deceased, and all the economic struggle will be left for the generations after them. Canada will be accepting more immigrants (mostly economic immigrants) to increase the country's economy. In the future of Canada's economic struggle, some of the immigrants' pull factors towards Canada won't be as strong they are as today.


For one, because of the low economy, the healthcare cost will increase which will be negative to immigrants that just arrived to Canada with very little money. That can have a serious effect to Canada's immigration rate since Canada is well known throughout the world for their fair healthcare cost (since healthcare is technically free in Canada).

Although the healthcare cost will rise, Canada will still be offering more jobs and education to immigrants to come to Canada and help improve their economy. Since there is a likely chance that there will still be conflict between two countries, citizens will want to get away from the war and conflict in their country, making this still a key push factor for Canada's immigrants. What might change in the future is the push factor of the immigrants' previous country lack of fresh water.


Canada has the most fresh water in North America, making it one of the only countries (besides Brazil or Russia) to have long lasting fresh water in 2060. So when all of the other countries run out of their fresh water, the rest of North America (mostly), Africa, Australia and Europe will want to live in Canada because they are able conserve their resources such as fresh water. Therefore, Canada's immigration rate will increase greatly because of the change of the immigrants' push and pull factors, country origin and province of settlement.

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As you can see here, this map shows the fresh water supply of the world. One of the countries that has the most fresh water is Canada. This map shows how well Canada is able to conserve their water supply with the resources they have unlike the rest of the world. Immigrants would want to migrate to a country that has plenty of fresh water, like Canad, since as humans we need water to live.

Canada's Current Demographic Situations

Canada has a very low population compared to the size of their country, which is the reason why they're currently using immigrants to increase their population. Immigrants have had a high impact to Canada's population, in fact one sixth of Canada's population is made up of immigrants.

Canada's immigration rate is considerably low compared to the 1970s since that was the third and last wave of many immigrants migrating to Canada. In 2014, Canada's net migration wasn't too high, meaning not too many people migrated from Canada. If too many people migrated from Canada, the economy will plummet, there will be an increase in unemployment and there will be a decrease in labour force.

Canada's birth rate of 2014 wasn't as high as it was in past years, in fact the birth rate is decreasing. The general reason why the birth rate is so low in the past year was Canada's lack of a high population. If Canada was to have a high population the birth rate will definitely increase. Just like the birth rate, the death rate of Canada is very low since more Canadians are living to their eighties because of the high quality healthcare Canadians receive.


The natural increase rate is very low in 2014 since both birth rates and death rates are low, making there be a very small difference between them. Even though the birth rates and death rates are low, there is at least a very little difference between them since it is better off to have low birth and death rates in Canada than having a high death rate and a low birth rate.

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The following picture is a population pyramid of Canada in 2014. This population pyramid shows the population of certain age groups within Canada. The pyramid shows how the birth rate of Canada in 2014 is low and how the males and females have relatively the same population until they reach their eighties. By observing the population pyramid, you are able to see that women in Canada live longer than men in 2014. The population pyramid also shows how the death rate is very low because of how Canadian citizens are living up to their eighties.

The female fertility rate in 2014 was close to 2 children per woman. Last year’s female fertility rate explains how many citizens of Canada in 2014 weren't having many children. These families most likely didn't want more than two children since it would cost them too much for the education and additional life uses for more than two children.


Canada’s infant mortality rate was shockingly high in the past year. There have even been more male infant deaths than female infant deaths, showing how females in Canada live longer males. The statistics of the infant mortality of Canada in 2014 might show how infants are not getting enough nutrition from their mothers’ before birth, therefore having the infant dying after its immediate birth.


Another reason who there were many infants dying before the age of one is that parents could be not taking care of their baby after its birth well enough. Parents probably leave their child unattended or they aren't sure exactly how they’re supposed to be caring for their child, therefore leading to the death of their child and adding an extra death to the average of the infant mortality rate.

Predictions of Canada's Demography in 2060

In 2060, there will be many immigrants migrating to Canada since the Canadian government need them too improve their country's economy. Immigrants will have to work at economic jobs that in some way improve Canada's economy. The immigration rate will obviously increase because of Canada's need in 2060 for immigrants to migrate there so they can increase Canada's economy. By then, the immigrants will be taking up more of the percentage of Canada's population.


Canada's net migration will still be low in 2060 since there won't be any serious reason for a citizen to migrate from Canada. At that time, Canada is at a peaceful time (besides their conflict with First Nations) and are doing their best to improve their country making there no reason why anyone would migrate from Canada. Therefore the net migration rate will still be low in the future.

The birth rate in 2060 will increase greatly while the death rate will decrease. When the wave of immigrants that are migrating and already living at Canada in 2060, most of them will have families and they'll soon start have children. So when the immigrants' children are being born alongside the rest of Canada's children, the birth rate will increase greatly in 2060.


On the other hand, the death rate will decrease since the population of the immigrants will receive fair healthcare, most likely making them live to their eighties as the rest of Canada are. The immigrants' numbers will be added along with the rest of the population of Canada that are living to their eighties, thereby decreasing the death rate. Therefore the natural increase rate will be high since there will be an increase in difference in 2060 for the birth rate is increasing and the death rate is decreasing.

The current dependency load is at a reasonable proportion while in the future of 2060, the dependency load will vastly drop. There will already be a wave of immigrants taking over many jobs and careers in Canada to improve the country's economy, so because there are so many immigrants working in Canada the proportion of the population that isn't in the workforce will decrease compared to the proportion of the population that is in the workforce.

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These Canadians and immigrants are a few of the many that will be working in Canada's workforce in 2060. This photo shows a few examples of the kind of careers Canadians and immigrants will have in the future to improve Canada's economy. These examples include the career of being a doctor, a surgeon, a construction worker and a lawyer. The photo also shows how Canadian citizens and immigrants are willing to work for the country’s workforce in order to improve their economy.

Canada's female fertility rate will surely increase in 2060 since immigrants won't have to be afraid of female genocide. Many immigrants in 2060 will come from a country doesn't see female genocide as a problem. Immigrants by that time will already know that Canada needs a higher population so there no reason why anyone would commit female genocide. Unlike other countries, Canada would never tolerate or encourage such abusiveness to the opposite sex. Therefore the female fertility rate will increase in future.


The infant mortality rate in 2060 of Canada will decreasing, meaning that there will be less infant deaths below the age of one year old. In 2060, there will be many medical and healthcare advances that can prevent infants from dying from or before birth. These medical advances could also provide more efficient medicine and vitamins to a infant preventing him or her from dying before the age of one. As a result, the infant mortality rate of Canada in 2060 will decrease.

First Nations' Current Situations

When it comes to First Nations in Canada, there are many stereotypes steered to them. Many Canadians citizens believe that First Nations are people that wear odd looking feathery hats and fur clothing, which is one of the most well known stereotypes for First Nations. Citizens' minds are used to identifying First Nations by the clothing they wear. Most First Nations don't wear their traditional clothing all the time since they're comfortable wearing more modern clothing just like the rest of Canada.


Another common stereotype that is steered towards the First Nations is that they're always supposedly drunk. This stereotype isn't their fault, First Nations were first introduced to the plague of alcohol by the English when they first arrived. The First Nation weren't aware of the alcohol's effects and they were becoming drunk on a daily bases. This effect isn't a problem with the First Nation community now, but a few have been driven to the bottle from the lack of a home and prosperity because of the Canadian government not keeping their promises from previous treaties of the First Nations being status or non-status.

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Most of Canada recognize First Nations by the cultural clothing they wear. This picture is an example of a Canadian's would recognize a First Nation. Nowadays, First Nations don't wear their cultural clothing in public as they use to do, since they're dressing in the urban clothing the rest of Canada wears while the years went by. This is one of the most common stereotypes of First Nations in Canada.

Many First Nations weren't given what they were promised from the Indian act that was passed in 1951. It is very surprising to know that the Canadian Government haven't given the First Nations their legal rights for more than 60 years. The Indian act also separated the First Nations into to two groups, status and non-status. First Nations that were status were supposedly legal "Native Indians" and have benefits from the Canadian government including tax reduction. Non-status First Nations weren't legal Native Indians and had to pay regular taxes as the rest of Canada.


Even though most First Nations thought they'll have fair benefits and have the same authority as the English, they were just getting tricked again to giving the English more of their land and rights. They are now restricted in small First Nation communities and are not permitted to travel past their boundaries or else they'll be non-status. First Nations today are now living in poverty because of the Canadian government still not providing them their rights they were supposed to have.

During the 1970s, the Canadian government created a new education policy for First Nation children to be raised in residential schools. Those residential schools were made for the sole purpose of eliminating the new generation of First Nations' culture in order to teach them how to behave and live in an English manner. The government's plan was to have these First Nations to join their culture so there will be fewer First Nations left to own any land or interfere with government activities.


Currently, First Nations that were forced to go to these schools received an apology from the Canadian government for all the cruelty and physical abuse they went through during their time in the residential schools. Most First Nations have forgiven the Canadian government, but there are a few are still furious with the government for taking away their way of culture and life. Now there are a new generation of First Nations today that will barely know the culture of their family lineage.

Predictions of the First Nation Communities in 2060

I believe that in the future of 2060 in Canada, First Nations will still be treated even worse they are today. The Canadian government have been taking advantage of the First Nations for more than a century, so what will change for them to treat the First Nations with respect then? Conflict between First Nations and the Canadian government will escalate because of the secrets Canada is hiding from the world.


Sooner or later, a First Nation will reveal the inhumane residential schools the Canadian government forced them to go and at that time Canada won't appear to be the diverse country everyone thought of them to be. It won't be before long when the First Nations will become impatient for their given rights and benefits they were promised and they will make their protests more violent than it already is.

With the conflict between the Canadian government and the First Nations increasing in 2060, the Canadian government won't be concerned for the First Nations' well being as they use to, creating many ways for them to improve their economy. By 2060, the Canadian government will be taking more of the First Nations' land until most of their population are living in poverty.


This "new land" will increase Canada's economy by clearing area for new businesses and companies to start manufacturing resources for their country. The government will create and illusion for the citizens of Canada to think that First Nations are pitiful and worthless to the point when the entire country has turned their backs on the First Nations.

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This photo of a First Nations protest getting out of hand is an example of how the conflict between them and the Canadian government will increase in 2060. First Nations will become more aggressive in 2060 when it comes to protesting for their rights, making this photo a good example of how the conflict between them will escalate. As you can see here, the police are trying to control the matter at hand in the protest, but it seems that the First Nations are stressing them. You can also see how the police came to the scene with shields encase the First Nations became violent.

Video Clip of Police Trying to Control a First Nation Protest Against Fracking that Escalated

Canada First Nation anti-fracking protest: Violent clashes, arrests, snipers
This video displays footage of a First Nation anti-fracking protest that went out of hand for the police. This video displayed several arrests and conflict that occurred when the First Nations stood their ground against the local authorities. The video is a good example of how First Nations are beginning to escalate their level of protests to a point where they get the attention of the Canadian government. This protest is only one of the many violent protests that will occur throughout the years leading to 2060 where the conflict will worsen. In conclusion, this video is a great example of how the First Nations' ways of protesting will attract more conflict from the Canadian government.

KTABE

2060 by KTABE

Conclusion

In Canada 2060, there will be a vast wave of immigrants that will migrate to Canada because of their old country lacks freshwater in order to survive there. So because Canada have one of the highest supplies of freshwater in 2060, the immigrants would want to migrate there. Immigrants would also want to migrate to Canada because of the outbreak of war and conflict in their previous country. By 2060, there will most likely be a war or conflict between two or more nations resulting in those nations’ citizens to live in poverty. Therefore the immigrants would want to migrate to Canada.

The birth and death rate of Canada in 2060 will be completely different than the one we have today. The birth rate will increase since the overflow of immigrants will start having children alongside the rest of Canada’s children, while the death rate will decrease. Immigrants will start receiving fair healthcare therefore by reducing the chances of dying before the age of eighty. Now the increase will be high because of the great difference and distance between the birth and death rate in 2060.



The conflict between the First Nations and the Canadian government will increase vastly in 2060. Canada will be reducing their benefits of the treaties they signed including their own land and the right not to pay their taxes. Canada will be taking over their land and using it for their own economic purposes like creating or building new business. All of Canada will be influenced by the government in 2060 to think of the First Nations as worthless and pitiful to the point of Canada turning their backs on them. In conclusion, these are my predictions of Canada’s immigration, demographic and First Nations situation in 2060.

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