Education in the 1800's

By: Charlotte Devine and Jack Cheng

1800s

  • schools in the 1800s were mostly public schools

  • schools were governed and supported by the local community

  • Michigan was the first state to make a rule that stated that the government should support public schools

1830s

  • the first coeducational high school opened in 1831

  • the first coeducational college opened in 1833

  • no less than eight new colleges and universities were founded between 1830 and 1839

1840s

  • bilingual education was mandated when German immigrants started going to school
  • Bishop John Hughes demanded for Catholic schools
  • anti-Catholic wars and raids began to end bible reading in the schools
  • in the North, black kids where segregated from going to schools
  • the first woman to get a medical degree was Elizabeth Blackwell, who went to the Geneva Medical School in New York

1850s

  • most schools were only one room big
  • students of all ages shared a room
  • the first kindergarten was built in 1856 in Watertown, Wisconsin
  • Antoinette Brown was the first woman in the country to complete the courses in theology but was denied her college degree because she was a woman

Colored People in Schools

  • African-Americans fought for their rights to go to school, because the law stated that they were not allowed to learn how to read or write
  • there was segregation in the schools
  • slave children listened under doors since they weren’t permitted to go to school

Colleges Established in the Mid 1800s

  • University of Alabama, St. Louis State University, Wabash College, Tulane University, University of the Ozarks, Illinois College, Bacon College (University of Kentucky), St. Marys University, De Pauw University, University of Missouri, and New York State were the colleges that were founded in 1830-1839

  • University of Utah, Oregon State University, (1851), Northwestern University, University of Minnesota, College of the Pacific, Antioch University, University of California, and Iowa State University were then formed in the 1850s