Rainbow Parrotfish

Endangered Animals of Antarctica


  • They have green bodies with orange fins and "streaks of green" (ARK).
  • Teeth form a sort of parrot-like beak, hence their names "Rainbow Parrotfish" (ARK).
  • Males grow up to 1.2 meters. Others grow up to 120 centimeters (ARK).
  • Weigh up to 20 kilograms (ARK).
Rainbow Parrot fish, Roatan Honduras.

Save the Rainbow Parrotfish!

Food and Nutrition

  • Rainbow Parrotfish are herbivores (ARK).
  • Generally consume coral (SW), algae, and other matter (ARK).
  • Their food is found in the ocean, along sea coral and other sea plants (ARK).
  • They are not predators themselves, due to the fact that they're herbivores (ARK).
  • Prey of eels, sharks, and other meat eating sea animals (SW).


  • Rainbow Parrotfish can usually be found in the Western Atlantic; anywhere from the Florida and Bahamas/Bermuda area to Argentina (ARK).
  • Mostly live in tropical waters because they prefer warm places with warm water (SW).
  • Their terrains consist of reefs (MSIP) and coral reefs that are 3-25 meters deep (SW).
  • Juvenile Rainbow Parrotfish go to mangroves near the reefs, because the mangroves become a "nursery" for them, figuratively speaking (ARK).


  • Their teeth form a parrot-like beak, which is used to scrape off algae from coral surfaces (ARK).
  • They also produce coral reef sand. Fish graze on film that grows on coral rock, the fish chew and ea the piece of coral, and the digested coral exits the system as white coral sand (MBA).
  • When being a target for prey, they hide or "retreat" to mangroves (ARK).
  • Use pectoral fins to swim (MSIP).
  • Tail is useful for speed acceleration (MSIP).
  • Large scales, can protect them from being hurt (MSIP).
  • They burrow in sand or hide in crevices (MBA).
  • "...secrete a mucus cocoon around them before they rest, protecting them from predators that hunt by smell (morays) or by touch (crustaceans). It takes a parrotfish half and hour to secrete the cocoon and almost as long to get out. Parrotfish do not make these cocoons every night, and it is unknown why a parrotfish chooses a particular night to sleep in a cocoon" (SW).

Reasons for Endangerment and Critical Information

  • Mangrove removal is a huge contribution to the endangerment of the Rainbow Parrotfish. The destruction rate of mangroves is currently larger than the destruction of the tropical rain forests (ARK).
  • Poisoning, pollution, global warming, over-fishing, and coastal development are also threats to them (ARK).
  • They're place as "Near Threatened" on the IUCN Red List (ARK).
  • The number of coral reef animals has seriously declined.
  • To help conserve the population of Rainbow Parrotfish, a lot of reef reserves have prohibited fishing (ARK).
  • The importance of mangroves has been recognized, and will hopefully save the species (ARK).
  • The Rainbow Parrotfish is very important. They feed on algae that could otherwise "smother the coral (MBA).

So help save the Rainbow Parrotfish and become a part of the solution today!