CAFFEINE

Assessment Task 4 Year 7 PDHPE

Caffeine

Caffeine is a naturally occurring stimulant ingredient found in the leave and fruits of certain legal plants.
Caffeine originated from the word from the German word kaffee and the french word cafe'. both meaning coffee.
Caffeine's chemical name is 1'3'7' trimethylxantthine. Caffeine can be collected from over 60 different plants and trees or can be made synthetically and added to different products. In its pure state it is a white powder that tastes bitter.
It is a drug like substance that has similar traits with other drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and amphetamines. Caffeine uses the same biochemical mechanisms to stimulate brain function.

Three main sources of caffeine are:

History

Much of the modern population uses caffeine as a stimulant, to delay or prevent things such as fatigue. Caffeine is one of the most used psychoactive agent and drug in the world.


Caffeine was first extracted from coffee in 1821 and was originated in Ethiopia and was spread to Arabia and to the rest of the East. Then it later reached the Europeans and they invented coffee in 1573. Tea was later invented in 1657 and became very popular with the people of Europe. In the late 19th century energy drinks and chocolate type of products were crafted and they became big products.
Ethiopian Nomads discovered coffee through their animals. They would find that their animals would eat small berries, leaves, or seeds and would have more energy, so they tried the berries, leaves or seeds and they had the same effect.

Social Acceptability

Caffeine is very socially acceptable, it is one of the most social gathering themes, In fact 80% of the worlds population consumes this is because that it is not thought of as a drug. Over the globe there are all sorts of coffee and tea houses and cafes'. Also there are products including caffeine in them on all the shelves of the world.
Caffeine is also very easily accessed.

Short Term and Long Term Effects

Short Term
When taken in small doses within 5-30 minutes effects such as feeling alert and active, restless, excitability, dizziness, anxiety, irritability, dehydration, higher body temperature, faster breathing and heart rate, headache and lack of concentration, and stomach pains can occur. When taken in large doses sometimes tremors, nausea and vomiting, irregular heart rate, confusion, panic attack, and seizures can occur.

Although once the caffeine is out of your system you will feel tired and lethargic.

Long Term
If more than four cups of things including caffeine are consumed then you may eventually develop osteoporosis, High blood pressure and Heart Disease, Heartburn, Ulcers, Difficulty sleeping, Infertility (in men and women), Anxiety, Depression, dependence, and the need to use more.

Why People Chose to Use This Drug

People chose to use this drug mainly because of their lack of sleep and they need an energy boost to help them through the day. Some other reasons include medical reasons, peer pressure, and a dependence on caffeine.

Why People Chose Not to Use This Drug

Reasons including the risk of addiction, the effects,pregnancy or trying, medical reasons, a bad experience with the drug, simply not needing it and an inability to cope with the drug maybe the factors of why people chose not to use the drug.

What Makes This Drug Addictive

The main factors of it being addictive is that it is hard to stop once you have used the drug regularly, and that your body becomes dependent on the drug so it needs it to cope and function normally. If you withdraw from using caffeine you may suffer effects such as headaches, sleepiness, irritability, lethargy, constipation, depression, muscle pain stiffness and cramping, lack of concentration, Flu like symptoms, insomnia, nausea and vomiting, anxiety, brain fog, dizziness, and heart rhythm abnormalities.

Some Suggestions to Reduce Their Intake

Caffeine withdrawal is a very bad experience. The symptoms only last about a week for light users but if you were taking over 1000 mg a day it may last two month however the main and worst is over in two weeks. The best and most suggested way of withdrawing from caffeine is, at first choosing drinks that contain less caffeine, and then start to cut down on your use weekly and continue until you can easily stop using the drug.
if this doesn't work you should seek advice personally from a health service.

Local Health Service-

A local health service for withdrawing from caffeine is the northern NSW Local Health District, Riverlands Drug Center. Riverlands is a purpose built multi functional drug treatment center in Lismore. The center includes a 16 bed detoxification unit, pharmacotherapy clinic, clinical liaison and outpatient services, and an educational and training facility.
To find more information go to http://nnswlhd.health.nsw.gov.au/about/drug-alcohol-services/riverlands-drug-alcohol-centre/
Or contact 02 6620 7600