what was the holocaust
the Nazi party had control of Germany and throughout World War II, between five and six million men, women, and children were systematically murdered in mass executions and death camps. From firing squads to gas chambers, the Nazis set about exterminating all that they deemed unfit in the hopes of creating a 'master race' of pure Aryans.
the concentration camps & death camps and ghettos
The term "concentration camps" is often used to describe all Nazi camps, there were actually a number of different kinds of camps, including transit camps, forced-labor camps, and death camps. In some of these camps there was at least a small chance to survive; while in others, there was no chance at all.
Pushed out of their homes, Jews were then forced to move into tiny, overcrowded quarters in a small section of the city. These areas, cordoned off by walls and barbed wire, were known as ghettos.
In the ghettos there were diseases, brutal treatments, exposure to the elements, forced starvation and labor killed thousands.
remembering the holocaust
It is important that we continue to remember the Holocaust because of Jewish history if for no other reason. The history of the Jews dates back nearly 6,000 years and is filled with stories of freedom and slavery, joy and sorrow, and persecution and redemption. For most Jews, their families, history, and the relationship they have with God has shaped their identity as well as their religion.
the holocaust timeline
January 30, 1933 President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany.
March 20, 1933: SS opens the Dachauconcentration camp outside of Munich.
April 1, 1933: Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany.
April 7, 1933: Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service.
July 14, 1933: Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases.
September 15, 1935: NUREMBERG Race laws.
March 16, 1935: Germany introduces military conscription.
March 7, 1936: German troops march unopposed into the Rhineland.
November 9/10, 1938: Kristallnacht (nationwide pogrom in Germany).
September 29, 1938: Munich Agreement.
October 8, 1939: Germans establish a ghettos in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland.
July 6, 1941: Eisatzgruppen (mobile killing units) shoot nearly 3,000 Jews at the
Seventh Fort, one of the 19th-century fortifications surrounding Kovno
December 11, 1941: Nazi Germany declares war on the United States.
January 16, 1942: Germans begin the mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews
from Lozs to the Chelmno killing center.
January 20, 1942: Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, Germany.
March 27, 1942: Germans begin the deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from-Drancy , outside Paris, to the east (primarily to Auschwitz).
June 28, 1942: Germany launches a new offensive towards the city of Stalingrad.
July 15, 1942: Germans begin mass deportations of nearly 100,000 Jews from the occupied Netherlands to the east (primarily to Auschwitz).
July 22, 1942: Germans begin the mass deportation of over 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka killing center.
September 12, 1942: Germans complete the mass deportation of about 265,000 Jews from Warsaw to Treblinka.
November 23, 1942: Soviet troops counterattack at Stalingrad, trapping the German Sixth Army in the city.
April 19, 1943: Warsaw ghetto uprising begins.
July 5, 1943: Battle of Kursk.
October 1, 1943: Rescue of Jews in Denmark.
November 6, 1943: Soviet troops liberate Kiev.
March 19, 1944: Germans forces occupyHungary.
May 15, 1944: Germans begin the mass deportation of about 440,000 Jews from Hungary.
January 18, 1945:Death march of nearly 60,000 prisoners from the Auschwitz camp system in southern Poland.
January 25, 1945: Death march of nearly 50,000 prisoners from the Stutthof camp system in northern Poland.
January 27, 1945: Soviet troops liberate the Auschwitz camp complex.
March 7, 1945: US troops cross the Rhine River at Remagen.
April 16, 1945: The Soviets launch their final offensive, encircling Berlin.
April 29, 1945: American forces liberate the dachau concentration camp.
April 30, 1945: Adolf Hitler commits suicide.
May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders to the western Allies.
May 9, 1945: Germany surrenders to the Soviets.