Slavery

Why is slavery still an issue in many countries?

Background

Slavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the production of such lucrative crops as tobacco. African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation. European settlers in North America turned to African slaves as a cheaper, more plentiful labor source than indentured servants (who were mostly poorer Europeans.) Slaves were most economical on large farms where labor-intensive cash crops could be grown.When North America was first colonized work was harsh and there was a shortage in labor. In the early 17th century Africans were introduced as a solution. The use of slavery was widespread in the ancient world, especially in Greece and Italy. During the classical ages of Greek and Roman society, slaves constituted about one-third of the population. A person who was owned as property by another person and forced to perform labor for the owner. There are 29.8 million people living as slaves right now. These 30 million people are living as forced laborers, forced prostitutes, child soldiers, child brides in forced marriages and, in all ways that matter, as pieces of property, chattel in the servitude of absolute ownership.
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Pros, Causes, and Benefits of Slavery

White Southerners argued that black people, like children, were incapable of caring for themselves and that slavery was a benevolent institution that kept them fed, clothed, and occupied. The U.S. Constitution incorporated a feature that made enslaved Africans political capital—to the benefit of southern states. The so-called three-fifths compromise allowed the southern states to count their slaves as three-fifths of a person for purposes of calculating states' representation in the U.S. Congress. Thus the balance of power between slaveholding and non-slaveholding states turned, in part, on the three-fifths presence of enslaved Africans in the census. The benefit to European nations from new crops, especially sugar, owed its development and expansion to the labor of African slaves, at the expense of Africa and the slaves themselves. It is difficult, therefore, to underestimate the benefits gained from the use of slaves in the New World.

Example

Cons/Effects/Dangers

Some slave owners can be abusive to their slaves, which is obviously puting them in danger. Also, some owners dont give their slaves good working environment which puts them in danger. Supporters of slavery claimed that persons of African descent were so degraded and inferior to whites that it would be dangerous for society to release the slaves from the control of a master. Some proslavery theorists pushed the racial argument to extreme levels. In explaining the contradiction between slavery and the American ideal that all persons should be free. Although the underground railroad led many to freedom, it led those that escaped to danger once they entered the northern states. Slaves were peoples property, so if they were caught, they would have to work even more and be tortured more.

Examples

My Opinion on Slavery

In my opinion, I think the owners definitely benefit from having slaves because they don't have to do all of the dirty work, but I also think that's a very evil thing to do to those people. People shouldn't be treated like that especially by other people that are no different then them.

Work Cited

Aeolidia. Harriet Tubman. Digital image. Tartx, 2014. Web.

Civil War Trust. "Slavery in the United States." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Employment. "Eastern Illinois University Homepage." Underground Railroad: A Path to Freedom. Eastern Illinois University, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Fisher, Max. Child slaves in Mauritania. Digital image. The Country Where Slavery Is Still Normal. N.p., 8 June 2011. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Fisher, Max. "The Country Where Slavery Is Still Normal." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 28 June 2011. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.

Fisher, Max. "This Map Shows Where the World’s 30 Million Slaves Live. There Are 60,000 in the U.S." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 17 Oct. 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2014.

Fisher, Max. World Slave Map. Digital image. The Washington Post. Max Fisher, 17 Oct. 2013. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

History.com Staff. "Slavery in America." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

"How Slavery Helped Build a World Economy." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 1996. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

PBS. "SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME." YouTube. Youtube, 3 Feb. 2012. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

Plummer, Brenda Gayle. "African Americans." Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy. Ed. Richard Dean Burns, Alexander DeConde, and Fredrik Logevall. 2nd Ed. Vol. 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 12 Dec. 2014

Slavery. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 11 Dec. 2012. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Slavery in the United States. Digital image. Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Tallant, Harold D. "Slavery." Galileo. Salem Press Encyclopedia, Jan. 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.