Value

elements of art

value

Value is the relative degree of lightness or darkness of a particular color.White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray. Space An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art.

Edvard Munch

Edvard Munch his painting "The Scream" ("The Cry"; 1893), is one of the most recognizable works in the history of art. A testament to his importance, "The Scream" sold for more than $119 million in 2012—setting a new record.