Geography of Southern Africa

Rikita P.

Namib Desert

Namib Desert, an arid coastal region in Namibia South-West Africa.The Namib Desert's latitude and longitude is 24.7519° S, 15.2764° E. The Namib Desert is often referred to as the world's oldest desert and has been in existence for some 43 million years, remaining unchanged in its present form for the last 2 million years.

Cape of Good Hope

Cape of good Hope's latitude and longitude is 34.3581° S, 18.4719° E. The Cape of Good Hope is a peninsula located a little northwest of the southern tip of Africa. The first name for the Cape was “Cape of Storms,” given by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1488. It was later renamed “Cape of Good Hope” because it offered a way to access India and the East. Cape Town was founded in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company as a rest stop along the way around Africa.


Johannesburg is located in the Gauteng province of South Africa.The eastern sides of the city are much flatter in comparison.The latitude of Johannesburg is 26.20°6 and the longitude is 8.0833°. The government sent two deputies, who founded a little settlement and named it after the first name they both had in common, Johannesburg. Johannesburg is populated by those of English-speaking Indian ethnicity.

Zambezi River

The Zambezi River has given it the name of Zambia .It is the most important river. The geography of Zambia stretches from the latitude of 10 degrees to 18 degrees in the South and from 22 degrees to 33degrees in the East. The plateau region is broken by the tributaries of the Zambezi River. Most of the rivers have water falls and rapids which are a unique feature of the country of Zambia.

Limpopo River

The latitude and longitude of the Limpopo River is 25.1667° S, 33.5833° E. The Limpopo River rises in the interior of Africa, and flows generally eastwards towards the Indian Ocean. It is around 1,600 kilometers long (or 1,770 km according to another source).


The latitude and longitude of Lusaka is 15°25′S 28°17′E. Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the fastest-developing cities in Southern Africa, Lusaka is located in the southern part of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,300 meters (4,265 feet).

Kalahari Desert

The latitude and longitude of the Kalahari Desert is 23.8334° S, 22.3190° E. The Kalahari Desert (in Africa "Dorsland", meaning "thirst land" or "thirsty land") is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending 900,000 square kilometers (350,000 sq mi), covering much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa. There are small amounts of rainfall and the summer temperature is very high.