Appetizer

10 key terms

Dialect

A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling and pronunciation.

Example: you guys, you all, and y'all.

Example: in British-English, they have a "u" in words the American English do not, for example: favourite, colour

Isogloss

A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.

Example: the British-English word "duff" also means "trash" in American-English

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Language

A system of communication through the use of speech a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.

Example: English, German, French, Dutch

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Ideograms

The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.

Example: any Chinese symbol.

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Official Language

The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.

Example: French for France.

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Ebonics

Dialect spoken by African Americans.

Example: the English word "Past" is pronounced "Pass".

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Standard Language

The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.

Example: Standard English, very grammatically correct.

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Spanglish

Combination of Spanish and Enlgish, spoken by Hispanic Americans.

Example: "¿estas ready?" (Are you ready?)

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Literary Tradition

A language that is written as well as spoken.

Example: German

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Language Family

A collection of langugaes related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

Example: Indo-European

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