Preventative Care

Tyler Davis

Physical Exams

Physical exams will help you find out how your body is performing. They will tell you if you are healthy or if there are different aspects of your health you may need to work on. Physical exams can help monitor and event prevent someone from getting sick or contracting a disease. They can help someone find that something may be wrong with them which can allow them to get helped so major damage is not done to the body.

Mammograms

- Women receive a mammogram

- According to Healthline.com women should start getting mammograms between the age of 50-74, every two years

- If breast cancer runs through the family some will recommend getting a mammogram a little earlier

- Mammograms are recommended to help catch breast cancer at early stages. The mammograms are x-rays of the breast that can help detect if there is a tumor within the breast that cannot be felt. In some cases women can find irregular signs of their breast which could be a sign to get checked for breast cancer as well. This is a preventative step to try and keep cancer from developing too much and to treat it as soon as possible

Pap Smears

- Women receive a pap smear

- It is recommended that a girl gets a regular pap smear at the age of 21, every 3 years

- However, if recommended by a doctor a girl may need to get a pap smear before the age of 21 or more frequently depending on the history of the patient

- Pap Smears can find if there is something wrong with a girl's cervix. These can identify infections and other problems such as abnormal cell growth which could eventually lead to cancer. By doing this a doctor could catch cancer at an early stage or find if something is not working right. This can allow for medical treatment to try and help the patient.

Testicular Exams

- Men perform testicular exams

- Testicular cancer is most common in males between the age of 15- 35, so you should probably begin checking when you are the age of 15

- You should give yourself testicular exams about every month after a warm shower in order to be able to examine the testicles while they are relaxed

- Testicular exams can help to find signs of a problem such as lumps, change in size, or even tenderness. These can be the first signs of testicular cancer and you can catch that you have cancer before it is too late. By giving yourself these exams you can become familiar with your body which can help you find if something is abnormal. Time is crucial when it comes to cancer and doing testicular exams can help you find it before it is too late.

Prostate Exams

- Men receive prostate exams

- Prostate exams are recommended for men aged 40 -70 or for men that have an increased risk of prostate cancer

- However, you should talk to your doctor first and discuss the pros and cons of having a prostate exam. Some doctors may say that you get a prostate exam and others may say that should not

- If you do end up getting prostate exams the American Cancer Society says that you should get the exams depending on your PSA level. Some people should get tested more often than others

- Prostate exams have multiple pros and cons according to "Mayo clinic" and the "American Cancer Society". However, in the long run having a prostate exam can help detect cancer at an early stage. This is important because you would want to get this out of you as soon as possible. For some people getting tested is better, knowing your results rather than not knowing at all. This will put some people at ease. Getting tested allows for early treatment which is much easier to resolve the issue than if it were caught late. Death rates have decreased since PSA testing has been implemented.