Hungary

By: Kimmy N.

Background Information

I know you are hungry for some information about Hungary, so I made this Smore to help you learn the seven strands of social studies all on Hungary! In this Smore, you will learn about the geography, transportation, government, ethnic groups, languages, religions, clothing, currency, flag, a conflict, a recipe, and a holiday in Hungary. I hope you enjoy!


The background picture resembles the color in the girls' dresses in Hungary.


All pictures have links below them. Those are my sources for the pictures.

5 Pillars

Geography

Budapest is the capital of Hungary and the place where most people in Hungary live. It's population is 1,741,041. A reason for this high population is probably because the Danube runs through Budapest and is good for trading. Another reason might be because there are 100 thermal springs. 12 of these springs are medicinal baths. Other major cities include Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeqed, and Pecs.

Hungary is mostly flat, and includes the Great Hungarian Plain. This plain is east of the Danube River and takes up about 56% of the country. Along the Slovakian Border (in the north), there are hills and small mountains. The highest mountain in Hungary is Mt Kekes. This mountain is 3,330 feet tall and is located in the Matra Hills. The major river in Hungary is the Danube River, which goes through Hungary for 418 kilometers. Some other rivers in Hungary are the Drava River (on the south border of Hungary), and the Tisza River. Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Hungary and has an area of 592 sq km. It is located in the west of Hungary.

Hungary has a mild climate, with warm summers that can reach as high as 95 degrees F, mild autumns, cold winters that can reach as low as 14 degrees F, and mild springs. In Hungary, the wettest month is May. The most daily sunshine hours are in July, and the coldest month is January.

Every major European roads and railway lines go to Budapest, the capital of Hungary. People get to, from, and throughout Hungary by bus, boat, metro, taxi, and railway.

Government and Citizenship

The form of government in Hungary is a parliamentary republic. The current president is Janos Ader. The lawmaking body is called the legislative. Hungary has a limited government.

A current conflict in Hungary is Hungary's parliament tightening laws about people who oppose immigration. They are approving plans for a fence that goes around the border.

The rights of Hungarian citizens include the freedom of thought, religion, the press, and education. Their responsibilities include military service, paying taxes, and making sure their children get educations.

Their government is like the USA, because we both have a president, but their government is different from ours because they have a more strict policy for voting, while any resident 18 and up in the USA is allowed to vote. Hungary's and the USA's rights are alike because we both get the freedom of thought, religion, the press, and education. Our responsibilities are alike because we both have the responsibilities of military service and paying taxes. However, in the USA, we have a responsibility of jury duty, and in Hungary, they have a responsibility of making sure their children get educations.

Hungary became a member of the United Nations on December 14, 1955. Hungary also joined the OECD in 1996 and the EU in 2004. It used to be an aid recipient country but recently stopped. Another relation Hungary has with other countries is their policy for dealing with other countries following the Soviet lead from the year 1947 to the year 1989.

Economics

Hungary's currency is called "Hungarian forint". One US Dollar is equal to 277.12 Hungarian Forint.

Some products that are exported from Hungary are cars, vehicle parts, spark-ignition engines, packaged medicaments, and computers. Some imports to Hungary are crude petroleum, vehicle parts, petroleum gas, broadcasting equipment, and packaged medicaments.

The GDP per capita is 13,480.91 USD. I would consider Hungary not wealthy at all compared to the United States, because on average in Hungary, each person gets about one tenth of the GDP that each person gets in the United States.

Social and Ethnic Groups

Ethnicities in Hungary include Banat Swabians, Blacorum, Croats, Boszormeny, Bulgarians, Bunjevci, Carpathian Germans, Hungarians, Jasz people, Paloc, Pechenegs, Romanians, Serbs, Slovaks, Sokci, Szekelys, Turks, and Ukrainians.

All children usually at 5 must attend pre-k, and all children from 6-16 must attend school. Education in Hungary is payed for with taxes.

58% of women work. The Hungarian Constitution gives equality to everybody, including women. They have a child protection act that doesn't allow any discrimination.

The literacy rate in Hungary is 99.1% (for men and women). I can conclude that Hungary cares about their childrens' educations, both girls and boys.

The major ethnic group is Hungarian (over 90%). Some minority ethnic groups are Roma, Kabars, Slovaks, Serbs, Jews, and Armenians.

The Roma children, an ethnic minority, have acts of discrimination when it comes to health care and education. Only 1% of Roma children graduate from higher education, and there is separation with Roma and non-Roma kids at school.

Religion, Language, Country Flag

Hungarian is the dominant language in Hungary.

More than half of Hungary are Roman Catholic, and about a fifth are Calvinists.

The red on this flag resembles strength, the white resembles faithfulness, and green for hope.

The Hungary flag was first used in 1848, but it was officially adopted in 1957.

Big image

Tradition

Republic Day

A holiday in Hungary is Republic Day. It is held on October 23, and it celebrates the uprising against the Soviet Union and the creation of the Republic of Hungary. There are some pictures of this holiday below.
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https://www.pinterest.com/pin/116952921548659241/


This is a picture of a girl in Hungary, celebrating a holiday. Traditionally, the women wear bright colored skirts and headdresses. The men wear pants tucked into their leather boots and hats.

Big image
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/252694229069191642/


This is a picture of the every-day outfits of girls in Hungary. As you can see, these outfits look a lot like the ones they wear on holidays.

Data Graphs Conclusions

Based on the religions chart, one can conclude that Roman Catholic was spread through Hungary earlier than the other religions.


Based on the ethnic groups chart, one can conclude that Hungary discriminates other ethnic groups and does not let many into their country.