Microorganisms& Infectious Diseases
By: Shaira Reyes
8.L.1.2 Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Epidemic-an outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country/region.
Pandemic-an epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world.
Vector-an organism typically an insect that transmits disease.
Pathogen-a virus, bacteria, fungi, parasite, that can cause illness & infection.
Protozoa-diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi.
Virus-a non-living pathogen that can change mutate.
Bacteria-single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease.
Parasite-an organism that lives in or on another organism, called a host.
Fungi-a single-celled or multi-cellular organism that can decompose or absorb organic matter.
Host Cell-a call that a virus invades, takes over, and makes copies of itself.
Quarantine-a time or place of isolation, in which people or animals that have been exposed to infectious or contagious diseases are placed.
*needs a host to reproduce
*disease producing particles
*to prevent viruses we get vaccines
*invades healthy cells and reproduce
*the cells invade and kill other cells
*lives on/inside another organism
*takes nutrients from its host
*treated with antibiotics
*decomposes the organic matter
Difference & Similarities
The similarities is that , it is an a area .