Tennis

Wow Tennis... So Fun...

Rules & Gameplay

  • The game starts with a coin toss to determine which player must serve first and which side they want to serve from.
  • The server must then serve each point from alternative sides on the base line. At no point must the server’s feet move in front of the baseline on the court prior to hitting their serve.
  • If the server fails to get their first serve in they may take advantage of a second serve. If they again fail to get their second serve in then a double fault will be called and the point lost.
  • If the server clips the net but the ball goes in the service area still then let is called and they get to take that serve again without penalty. If the ball hits the net and fails to go in the service area then out is called and they lose that serve.
  • The receiver may stand where they wish upon receipt of the serve. If the ball is struck without the serve bouncing then the server will receive the point.
  • Once a serve has been made the amount of shots between the players can be unlimited. The point is won by hitting the ball so the opponent fails to return it in the scoring areas.
  • Points are awarded in scores of 15, 30 and 40. 15 represent 1 point, 30 = 2 and 40 = 3.
  • You need 4 points to win a game. If a game lands on 40-40 it’s known as deuce. From deuce a player needs to win 2 consecutive points to win the game. After winning one point from deuce they player is on advantage. If the player wins the next point they win the game, if they lose it goes back to deuce.
  • To win the set a player must win 6 games by 2 or more. The opening sets will go to a tie break if its ends up 6-6 where players play first to 7 points. The final set will not have a tie break and requires players to win by two games with no limits.
  • If a player touches the net, distracts his opponent or impedes in anyway then they automatically lose the point.
  • The ball can hit any part of the line for the point to be called in, outside the line and the ball is out.
  • The balls in a tennis match are changed for new balls every 6 games.
  • A player loses a point if they fail to return the ball in either the correct areas on the court, hits the net and doesn’t go into opponent’s area or fails to return the ball before it bounces twice in their half.

Tennis scoring

A tennis serve initiates game play and the player serving serves the entire game. In order to win the game, a tennis competitor must win a number of points. Each game consists of a series of points and remember a competitor must accumulate at least four points to win the game.

The servers score is always announced first the entire game with tennis terminology voiced in a manner unique to tennis.

  • Points Earned 0 = 0 Games Points or 'Love'
  • Points Earned 1 = 15 Game Points
  • Points Earned 2 = 30 Game Points
  • Points Earned 3 = 40 Game Points
  • Points Earned 4 = Game Over (2 Point Advantage Required)

The winner of a tennis game must win with a two point advantage. In other words, if the score is 40-0 and the server wins the next point, the server wins the game.

Tennis History

Tennis is a sport that originated in England around the 19th century and is now played in a host of countries around the world. There are four major tournaments known as the ‘majors’ that include Wimbledon, US Open, French Open and Australian tournament. Originally it was played by striking the ball with one's hand, but later they introduced the racket.

Singles vs Doubles & Equipment

A tennis match can be played by either one player on each side (a singles match) or two players on each side (a doubles match). The rectangular shaped court has a base line, service areas and two tram lines down either side. A singles match will mean you use the inner side tram line and a doubles match will mean you use the outer tram line.


A court can be played on four main surfaces including grass, clay, hard surface and carpet. Each tournament will choose one surface type and stick without throughout. All that is required in terms of equipment is a stringed racket each and a tennis ball.

Serve

A serve is a shot to start a point. A player will hit the ball with a racket so it will fall into the diagonally opposite backside box without being stopped by the net.

Key terms

Groundstroke- A groundstroke or ground stroke in tennis is a forehand or backhand shot that is executed after the ball bounces once on the court.

Volley- A volley in tennis is a shot in which the ball is struck before it bounces on the ground.

Double Fault- an instance of two consecutive faults in serving, counting as a point against the server.

Ace an ace is a legal serve that is not touched by the receiver, winning the point.

Alley- Singles matches do not include the part of the tennis court called the alley.

Duece- In standard play, scoring beyond a "deuce" score, in which both players have scored three points each, requires that one player must get two points ahead in order to win the game.