Cells

kelly pearson

Plasma or cell membrane

The plasma membrane is the boundary between the cell and its environment.

The plasma membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer, which is two layers of phospholipids back to back

cell wall

Cell wall is a tough layer that surrounds some types of cells. Cell wall is a feature to cells of plants, bacteria.It provides structural support, Protection against infection and mechanical stress it also Separates interior of the cell from the outer environment. in both plants and animals.

Cytoplasm

cytoplasm is the semi-fluid substance of a cell that is present within the cellular membrane and surrounds the nuclear membrane. It fills up the spaces that are not occupied by the organelles, The cytoplasm is the place where the cell expands and growth of the cell takes place. cytoplasm is a plant cell.

nucleus

The cell nucleus is a membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary. It also has information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction. This membrane separates the contents of the nucleus from the cytoplasm.its found in both plants and animals

nuclear membrane

The nuclear membrane is to act as a barrier that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm, its found in animal, plants, fungi and etc. The nuclear membrane stores information in dna cells.

nucleolus

The nucleolus is a non-membrane bound structure composed of proteins and nucleic acids found within the nucleus. The major components of the nucleolus are the fibrillar centers, dense fibrillar component and granular components. Nucleoli are formed around specific genetic loci called nucleolar organizing regions.

Centrioles

A centriole is short lengths of microtubules and arranged around a central cavity to form a cylinder.Centrioles function as a pair in most cells in animals but as a single centriole or basal body in cilia and flagella.Centrioles are present in animal cells and lower plants.

chromatin

Chromatin is DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.It streched out DNA that carries heredity.its in both animal and plant

ribosomes

A ribosome is a cell organelle. It functions as a machine for making proteins. Ribosomes are composed of special proteins and nucleic acids. A ribosome Translate encoded information from the cell nucleus provided by messenger ribonucleic acid Link together amino acids selected and collected from the cytoplasm by transfer ribonucleic acid.

Golgi apparatus

The Golgi apparatus is the only cell organelle to be named after a scientist. The Golgi apparatus gathers simple molecules and combines them to make molecules that are more complex.It is also the organelle that builds lyosomes. Its inside both of the organisms

endoplasmic reticulum

While the function of the nucleus is to act as the cell brain.The ER Structurally, the endoplasmic reticulum is a network of membranes found throughout the cell and connected to the nucleus functions as a manufacturing and packaging system.

mitochondria

mitochondria are present in every cell, they are found in high concentrations in the muscle cells that require more energy. Though the primary function of mitochondria is to produce energy.Mitochondria are present in both plant and animal cells. They are rod-shaped structures that are enclosed within two membranes

chloroplast

chloroplasts are organelles that enable plants and certain algae to convert solar energy to chemical energy.Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.They are only found in plant cells and some protists such as algae. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts.

lysosomes

A lysosome is a specialized vesicles that holds enzymes. Lysosomes hold enzymes that were created by the cell. The purpose of the lysosome is to digest things. lysosomes are in nearly every animal-like eukaryotic cells.

peroxisomes

They are small vesicles found around the cell they have a single membrane. Peroxisomes absorb nutrients that the cell has acquired. Not alot of information is known but they say its associated with glycolate metabolism with photorespiration in plants and lipid me­tabolism in animal cells.

vacuole

Vacuoles are kind of large-sized vesicles. vacuoles also contains different kinds of organic/inorganic molecules, solid materials and enzymes.The primary responsibility of vacuoles is to maintain the turgor pressure in cells.Vacuole is an important organelle present in the cells of plants, animals, protists, fungi and bacteria.

cytoskeleton

The cytoskeleton is responsible for cell shape, movement of the cell as a whole, and motility of organelles within a cell.This cytoskeleton is necessary for cells to be able to change shape, complete cell division, or migrate. The cytoskelton is for both plant and animal