The Red Scare
The Loyalty Review Board
House on Un-American Activity
Congress had cracked down on the Communist party in the US. Leading the fight was the House Un-American Activities Committee. HUAC questioned the political ties of members of peace organizations, liberal political groups, and labor unions. In 1947 HUAC responded to charges that Hollywood was full of communists by holding hearings to investigate people in the movie industry. The Hollywood Ten went to jail rather than answer HUAC’s questions.
A group of California film directors and writers known as the Hollywood Ten went to jail rather than answer HUAC’s questions. They were blacklisted and were denied work from the film industry.
Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
Senator McCarthy and His Tactics
Declaration of Conscience
In 1950 Smith and several other senators issued the Declaration of Conscience, which condemned those who had turned the Senate into “’a forum of hate and character assassination.