Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand

The King and Queen of Spain.

Two Sides Of Spain

The pair was known as the Catholic King & Queen of Spain. They got married in 1469. At the time, Ferdinand had already took over from his father as king of Aragon. He assisted Isabella in the war for the crown which was fought with Juana (Isabella's sister) after the death of King Henry VI. The war ended with the Treaty of Alcacovas in 1479 and Isabella winning the crown.

The Fight To Be Catholic

Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand aimed to unite Spain under Christianity. Ferdinand got Castile, Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia under his rule and managed to put an end to the Muslim domination of Granada. The victory which is known as the reconquest. This effort earned them the admiration of the Pope and the title "Catholic Kings".

There still remained a large amount of non-Christian minorities in Spain, namely the thousands of Muslims living in Granada which posed a threat. It was then that the King’s men led crusades against the Muslims and Jews. The Muslims were given the choice to either convert to Christianity or leave. As a result, many did convert, but the majority left and some were driven out. An amount of Jews embraced the Christian faith which even got them important positions in the government and other positions in Aragon and Castile. The small number of Muslims that managed to stay in the reconquered territory lived a low profile life as craftsmen and farmers.

The fight to make Spain a pure, Christian state was fulfilled in 1525. To keep on the safe side, all government and religious positions where reserved for the Coptic Christians. There were other groups of converts that were suspected for being hypocrites and would secretly practice their own faith. As a result, they were investigated and prosecuted. There was a small rebellion from the Muslims who stood up for their Faith, but were quickly expelled from the country. Spain carried out its crusading missions to farther lands in the 15 century.

The King and Queen of Spain are also known for sponsoring the voyages of Christopher Columbus who brought many new lands which were added to the Spanish kingdom.

King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella project

Essential Questions

1) What impact did Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand have when they conquered the Muslims?

2) Why did Isabella and Ferdinand conquer the Muslims and other religions in their territory?