Factors affecting participation.
By Abbie Shepherd.
Things that can effect participation.
- males tend to have more strength and stamina than women and are bigger and have alot more muscle.
-woman tend to be more flexible and they carry alot more fat than men and are smaller than men most of the time.
There are 3 types of Somatotypes;
- Endomorph - pear shaped and broad, if you had an Endomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like weight limiting and shot put or hammer throw.
- Ectomorph- tall and skinny with very little body fat and slight muscle development, if you had a Ectomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like long distance running, basketball or gymnastics.
- Mesomorph- very muscular and broad, if you had a Mesomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like rugby, football, body builder, athletics and short distance running.
-Weather- this is a factor may have no control over, but a professional performer could afford to go to a country where the weather is right- cold and snowy for a skier or warm and dry for a tennis player, weather effects training and competing.
-Pollution - if pollution levels are high then then performing outside will not be possible so training will be restricted to indoors and where there is air conditioning or some form of climate control.
-Alttitude- training and performing at a high altitude can be a real benefit and living and training at high altitude all the time can be a real advantage if they take part in endurance events.
- Humidity- humidity combined with heat can make conditions very difficult for performers to keep theirs bodies cool enough and aviod dehydration.
-Terrain- the landscape you require may be crutial to your sport because for certain sports such as a skier you need slopes and snow, a surfer would need sea and surf.
Risk and challenge.
Activity levels and needs.
-Competitive - that requires a performer to be highly committed, might mean two training sessions a week and maybe a match at the weekend like a footballer, cricketer or netball player.
- Recreational - activities are not as demanding as theses types of activity do not require any periods of special training or preparation and only takes a small amount of time at a convenient time.
- High levels of participation are likely to bring them benefits like health and social benefits and are continued in a regular basis.
- low and infrequent levels of activity clearly have no or little positive effect.