Factors affecting participation.

By Abbie Shepherd.

Things that can effect participation.

There are a few factors that affect participation in sport:

-age

-gender

-disability

-somatotype

Age.

Your age can affect the way you can perform in a sport because if you are too young then you will not have the skills or be strong enough to do is sport, or if you are too old then you may have lost your flexibility and energy from when you were younger. Low energy sports are better for you as you get older.

Gender.

Your gender can affect the way you perform in a sport because you have very different body shapes to one another;

- males tend to have more strength and stamina than women and are bigger and have alot more muscle.

-woman tend to be more flexible and they carry alot more fat than men and are smaller than men most of the time.

Disability.

Lots of sports have been adapted and the rules have been changed for disabled people to make it easier for them, but not all sports can be adapted. Sports like athletics, basketball, football, swimming and tennis are some of the most popular in disabled sports. Alot more sports are starting to be a adapted to suit these people best.

Somatotype.

Having a certain body shape can make you be suited to a certain sport.

There are 3 types of Somatotypes;

- Endomorph - pear shaped and broad, if you had an Endomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like weight limiting and shot put or hammer throw.

- Ectomorph- tall and skinny with very little body fat and slight muscle development, if you had a Ectomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like long distance running, basketball or gymnastics.

- Mesomorph- very muscular and broad, if you had a Mesomorph somatotype you would be most suited to sports like rugby, football, body builder, athletics and short distance running.

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Environment

The environment can effect how you participate in sport by lots of different reasons:-

-Weather- this is a factor may have no control over, but a professional performer could afford to go to a country where the weather is right- cold and snowy for a skier or warm and dry for a tennis player, weather effects training and competing.

-Pollution - if pollution levels are high then then performing outside will not be possible so training will be restricted to indoors and where there is air conditioning or some form of climate control.

-Alttitude- training and performing at a high altitude can be a real benefit and living and training at high altitude all the time can be a real advantage if they take part in endurance events.

- Humidity- humidity combined with heat can make conditions very difficult for performers to keep theirs bodies cool enough and aviod dehydration.

-Terrain- the landscape you require may be crutial to your sport because for certain sports such as a skier you need slopes and snow, a surfer would need sea and surf.


Risk and challenge.

Risk and challenge can affect participation in sport because some activities are a lot more challenging than others and you need to have the skills to be challenged to a certain levels, lots of people choose a certain sport for its challenging and dish factor such as things like rock climbing with no ropes.

Activity levels and needs.

There are two typed of activity needs-

-Competitive - that requires a performer to be highly committed, might mean two training sessions a week and maybe a match at the weekend like a footballer, cricketer or netball player.

- Recreational - activities are not as demanding as theses types of activity do not require any periods of special training or preparation and only takes a small amount of time at a convenient time.

Activity effects-

- High levels of participation are likely to bring them benefits like health and social benefits and are continued in a regular basis.

- low and infrequent levels of activity clearly have no or little positive effect.