Health of the Reproductive System

By: Madison Ripper

Mammograms

What disease does the exam screen for?- Mammograms screen essentially for Breast Cancer. A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast. They are used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease.


Who's getting the exams?- Both men and women can get a mammogram exam.


Starting age of the exam- You should start the exam around the age of 40. It doesn't have many benefits if they are taken any earlier.


How often should they get the exam?- You should get an exam every two years.

Pap Smears

What disease does the exam screen for?- Pap smear is a medical test that helps doctors figure out if there are any problems with a girl's cervix. They can identify infections that may develop into cancer if not treated.


Who's getting the exams?- Teen girls do not need to get Pap smears unless their doctors think that something is wrong. The exams are only for women.


Starting age of the exam- Once a girl turns 21, she should start getting regular pap smears to monitor her health.


How often should they get the exam?- Women in their 20's with normal Pap smear results should have the test every 3 years.

Testicular Exams

What disease does the exam screen for?- Testicular exams are an easy way for guys to check to make sure there are no unusual lumps or bumps or their testicles. This can help identify whether or not there is a sign of testicular cancer.


Who's getting the exams?- Testicular exams are for males only.


Starting age of the exam- You can do a testicular exam yourself starting at any age. Preferably around the time you are old enough to do this yourself, and have become a teenager.


How often should they get the exam?- It is important you try to do a TSE every month, to keep updated and stay on top of your health.

Prostate Exams

What disease does the exam screen for?- Prostate exams are tests that screen to look for signs of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can affect the male reproductive system.


Who's getting the exams?- Only men get these exams.


Starting age of the exam- Organizations recommend to start taking the test at the age of 40 and the max at 70.


How often should they get the exam?- You should get a prostate exam every four years.

Citations

Menopause and Mammograms- Menopause and Mammograms. (2016).WebMD. Retrieved 16 March 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/menopause/guide/guide-mammogram-testing


Mammograms- Mammograms. (2016). National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 16 March 2016, from http://www.cancer.gov/types/breast/mammograms-fact-sheet#q2


Pap Smears- Pap Smears. (2016). Kidshealth.org. Retrieved 16 March 2016, from http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/pap-smears.html


How to Perform a Testicular Self-Examination- How to Perform a Testicular Self-Examination. (2016). Kidshealth.org. Retrieved 16 March 2016, from http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/tse.html


Prostate cancer screening: Should you get a PSA test?- Prostate cancer screening: Should you get a PSA test? - Mayo Clinic . (2016).Mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 17 March 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/in-depth/prostate-cancer/art-20048087


Prostate Exam Every 4 Years- Prostate Exam Every 4 Years. (2016).MedicineNet. Retrieved 17 March 2016, from http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=24521