Greek and Roman contributions

Tyler Nguyen

Roman and Greek contributions

The Greeks were great thinkers and builders. The Romans were one of the very first superpower. Together, they have passed down many ideas over the thousands of years. Here are some household items that are Roman or Greek innovations.

Greek pillars

The Greeks built enormous pillars out of marble for their bulidings. Such beautiful pillars were made for special bulidings like the Parthenon at Athens where the Athenians sacrificed to Athena. The pillar in the photo below is a wood pillar mainly for support of the second floor of the house.
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Roman roads

The Romans built roads that spanned the entire empire from Spain to the Middle East. These roads were made of concrete and many lasted to this day. Modern roads are meant for automobiles and the road's surface is made out of asphalt.
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Roman aqueducts and indoor plumbing

The Romans used aqueducts to bring water from lakes to cites across the Roman Empire. Also, the Romans had a primitive stone toilet which had pipes that led to the sewage. Now, people use underground pipes to bring in fresh water to residences and modern toilets to flush to treatment plants. Below is a modern toilet.
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The Greek religion

The Greeks had a sophisticated religion called Hellenism . They worshipped many gods and goddesses like Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Athena, Ares, and Aphrodite. The Greeks sacrificed food and animals instead of praying in a church. Today, Hellenism is now a dead religion. The religion had myths that are still told like Hercules, Perseus and Theseus. Books like Percy Jackson ( below ) are just another story about Greek myths.
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Roman language

The Romans spoke Latin, now a dead language. Many modern languages have Latin roots including Portuguese, Spanish, French, German, Italian, and English. Some Latin roots are hydro-water, pyro-fire, chronos-time, cryo-freeze thermal-heat, and xeno-foreign. Below is a book about elements in English, a language with Latin roots.
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The Roman spread of Christianity

A Roman emperor was losing a battle. When he looked into the sun, he saw the cross in the sun. He then told his men to paint crosses on their armor and their shields. They then won the battle. The Roman Empire then declared Christianity was state religion in the Roman Empire in 395 BCE. This brought Christian teachings across the world. Christianity is now one of the most successful religions in history. Below is a children's variation of the Christian bible.
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Greek vases and pottery

The Greeks handcrafted beautiful vases and pots. They were usually used for decoration, trading and holding wine or olive oil. Most Greek pottery had pictures painted on the sides. The pictures usually told a story. In modern times these vases and pots are only antique decorations. The picture below is a clay handcrafted amphora by a fifth grader.
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Greek Olympics and sports

The Greeks kept in fitness with sports like chariot racing, discus throwing, javelin toss and marathons. Many of these sports were held in contests in Olympia, Greece. The contests were a festival for Zeus. Now, the Olympics occur every for years with a winter variation. The athletes play for sportsmanship, not religious purposes. Below is a Frisbee a descendant of the Greek metal discus.
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