The Velvet Revolution

By Kahlia Martin and Emanuel Pope IV

Velvet Revolution

What Caused It?

The Communist Party seized power on February 25, 1948, with the only opposition being from the "Dissidents", who were publishing secret, home-made periodicals that went against the direction that the Communist Power influenced on the country. The Dissidents, however, faced persecution by the "Secret Police" which led to the people of the public to not reward them with support or unity. Czechs were content with the living standards under the Czech Communist rule, until they changed the policies that were being enforced by Gorbachev, which led the people to crave an economic reform. The people of the Czechoslovakian country were tired of the communist hand of oppression imposed upon them. They wanted a way to remove the hard control over their lives and to regain their country back.

Who Led It?

Vaclav Havel:

Millitary opposition

Russians sent in military powers to moderate the transition. However, no force was necessary because the transition was non-violent.

What was it

The people of the Czech demonstrated a peaceful protest thus leading it to be called the Velvet Revolution. The protest went without any brutality or need of excess force. This was the first example of a peaceful protest that achieved its goal against Soviet Rule. On November 16, 1989, Slovak middle school and university students organized a peaceful demonstration in the center of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. The next day protesters gathered in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, only to have their movement be suppressed by the riot police, which only increased the peoples' lust for a change.
Unity Amongst the Oppressed: the Velvet Revolution and the Power of Peace