The Dark and Middle Ages

Angela & Lluvia

Discoveries & Accomplishments

  1. By the fourth century the concept of a hospital was rising in parts of the Roman Empire
  2. The first pharmacy was established in Baghdad in the year 754
  3. Universities throughout Europe started to teach practices of medicine
  4. The concept of quarantine began when the Black Plague began

People Who Contributed to Developments


  • Hippocrates- considered the “father of Medicine,” described the body as made up of four humors (yellow bile, phlegm, black bile, and blood) and controlled by the four elements (fire, water, earth, and air)
  • The Arabs- were known as the great translators of medical texts, translated Greek medicial records into different languages, Arabic doctors were employed by kings
  • Al-Razi- physician in Middle Ages who based diagnoses on observations of signs and symptoms of disease

Health Care Trends of the Era

Major Diseases: small pox, diphtheria, tuberculosis, typhoid, malaria

In the Dark Ages, prayer was the main form of treatment used for illnesses and disease. The study of medicine and medical procedures were prohibited . Sick people taken care of by monks/priests.

Beliefs & Theories

In the Dark and Middle Ages, no one really knew what caused diseases and illnesses. Most people blamed it on evil spirits and thought that ill people were being punished by the Gods. Some Greek and Muslim physicians believed the Moon and other planets played an important part in good health. Hippocrates came up with the theory that all human bodies were controlled by the same 4 elements. (earth, fire, air, and water)