Wanted: Lyme disease

By: Rachel

Photo:

The bacterium is transmitted to humans in the two pictures provided below.
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Description:

Lyme disease is begun by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is diffused to humans through the bite of diseased black legged ticks.

Transmission:

  • Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is passed by deer ticks.
  • The ticks are impossible to spot because of their brown skin and small size.
  • To get Lyme disease, a diseased deer tick must bite you.
  • The bacteria first enters through your skin through the bite, and soon makes its way into your bloodstream.
  • To transmit this disease, a deer tick must be on your skin for 36 to 48 hours. It can affect the population by hurting and spreading the bacteria to the heart, and joints.

Where/ who it strikes:

  • Lyme disease will strike at anyone. It will strike from babies to adults.
  • Usually strikes first at a layer of skin, because they feed on the blood of humans and animals.
  • It usually strikes people that live or spend time in really grassy and really wooded areas too.


Found:

  • The disease is first on the tick that is on your skin.
  • Then the bacteria is transmitted to different places in your body.
  • Later on you would find the disease in your joints, blood stream, and heart.

Symptoms caused:

When getting the bite, some people start with have a small bite. The bite is like a mosquito bite. It takes at least 1-2 days to get rid of. This is not a sign that you have Lyme disease. Here are some real symptoms.
  • Bulls eye rash
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bell's (facial) palsy
  • Arthritis
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Armed or dangerous:

  • It is armed and Dangerous.
  • It is armed because if you treat it fast enough with antibiotics you will be fine.
  • It can also be dangerous too. If you do not treat it fast enough the bacteria can spread to your heart, nervous system, and joints.
  • This damage can be terrible for your body.
  • If the bacterium spreads to the nervous system there can be some big issues.
  • The nervous system takes in information from your joints, skin and muscles in your body. It also carries the nerves that control your movements.
  • Your brain receives the information from your 5 senses too. If bacteria from the ticks reaches can stop your movements and damage the information that goes to your brain.

Treatment:

  • Patients treated with the right antibiotics in the early stages of the disease recover quickly. Antibiotics are usually used for oral treatment.
  • Like doxycycline, amoxicillin, and cefuroxime axetil.
  • Patients with the cardiac forms of the illness are treated drugs. For example, ceftriaxone or penicillin.
  • Studies say that patients recover easier when taking these antibiotics taken by mouth a couple weeks earlier.

Facts:

  • In the United States deer sticks are mostly found in the Northeast and the Midwest regions.
  • Attach really easily to bare flesh.
  • In the first stages of life, the deer ticks that live in the United States feed on mice, which are prime reservoirs for Lyme disease and bacteria.
  • Is the most tick borne illness in North America and Europe.
  • Deer ticks can port the bacteria and spread it when feeding.


Citations:

  • "Who Am I?" What Does the Central Nervous System Do? N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 01 Oct. 2012. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.


  • Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 03 Oct. 2012. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.