The Tour of where it all began!

World Geography

Greece

Government Type
Republican.
Leader and Title
The president of Greece is Karolos Papoulias.
Limited or unlimited
Greece is limited.
European union member?
Yes.
Current government event
Parliament passes 2014 budget, which is predicated on a return to growth after six years of recession. Prime Minister Samaras hails this as the first decisive step towards exiting the bailout.
Historical event
In the fourth century in Greece, the Corinthian war was fought. The Romans were after Italy, and the King of Macedonia started his conquest to expand Greece.
Person who changed history
Person who changed history
In the same century as above, Alexander the Great was born and his father was assassinated. Alexander became the king and he expanded Greece far and beyond. He fought the Battle of Issus, and also fought the Macedonian wars. The Macedonian wars were mainly fought to conquer great nations so that the importance of Greece could be spread and Alexander could leave his name there. Alexander was the greatest ruler of Greece.
Population
11.28 million
% arable land
81.5%
Agriculture
The agriculture in Greece is based on small-sized family owned units. Greek agriculture employs 528,000 farmers which is only 12% of the working force. It only produces 3.6% of the national GDP and the people you most commonly find with a job in agriculture are immigrants.
Example of human environment interaction
Over half of all the industries in Greece are located in the Athens area. Because Greece is very mountainous the people had to build their homes a lot different compared to locations with flat land. Greece also happens to be a peninsula, so a lot of people tend to go fishing a ton.
GDP
The GDP in Greece is 249.1 billion USD (US Dollars) which happens to be one of the highest in all of Europe.
GDP per Capita
22,082.89 USD
Currency
The currency found in Greece is an Euro.
Exchange rate to US dollars
2 euros is equal to 2.7 USD
Economic activities
The economic activities found in Greece include tourism, agriculture, trading, and minor industry.
Brands
Some famous brands are Super 3, EneraNet, npo no, bmpuzzle, cyta, and kino.
Language
The official language in Greece is called Greek.
Religion
The most common religions practiced in Greece are Greek Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Christianity; the most common religion is Christian Orthodox.
Famous landmarks
Dion Archaeological Park- Mount Olympus, the highest peak in Greece, safeguards the famous site of Dion. Outside in the living quarters consists of artifacts and structure from 15th century B.C. to the 15th century A.D.
Olympia- Olympia is the most celebrated religious and athletic center in Greece.
The Acropolis- The Acropolis located in Athens is easily Greece's most famous landmark. It contains a display of the longevity of Greek civilization and a tribute to Greek architecture.
Cultural Foods
Some common foods found and that originated in Greece are Moussaka, Triopites, Baklava, and Tzatziki.
Music and Literature
The music found in the society was originally from mythology. Also there are many resources that indicate that music and literature was an integral part of the Greek perception of how their race had come into existence and the relationships with all of the gods.
Location (relative)
Greece is north of the Mediterranean Sea, east of the Aegean Sea, and north of the sea of Crete.
Climate
The climate found in Greece is predominateley Mediterranean. However, due to the countries unique geographic positioning, Greece has a remarkable range of local variations.
Topography
About four/fifths of Greece is mountains, including most of the islands.

Italy

Government Type
The government of Italy is a Constitutional Republic.
Leader
The President of Italy is Giorgio Napolitano.
Limited or Unlimited
Italy is a limited government.
European Union Member
Yes.
Current government event
Thousands of Italians have marched in cities across the country over the last nine days in protests fueled by falling incomes, and unemployment above 12 percent and over 40 percent among people below 25.
History event
In 1870, following the defeat of Napoleon III in the French Prussian War, Italian forces occupy Rome, which then becomes the new capital.
Historical monument
Some historical monuments found in Italy are Etruscan tombs, fountains, Roman baths, Renaissance palaces and Palladian villas.
Person who changed history
Benito Mussolini was Italy's 40th Prime Minister from 1922 until 1943. He is considered a essential figure in the creation of Fascism and was both an influence and close ally of Adolf Hitler during WWII.
Population
The population of Italy is 60.92 million.
% arable land
23.12
Agriculture
Italy's agriculture consists of economically active agricultural sectors formed in 1998. Despite government efforts, the agricultural sector has shown little growth in more recent dates. After the Reform Acts of 1950 much of the workers struggled under harsh conditions because the nobles owned the property.
Human Environment Interaction
Although Italy is full of many mountains, the country is also very productive in crops.
GDP
The GDP of Italy is 2.013 trillion.
GDP per Capita
33,048.75 USD.
Currency
The currency found in Italy is called an Euro.
Exchange rate to USD
2 Euros is equivalent to 2.7 USD.
Major economic activities
Most recently the people of Italy have been dumping trash, some of it toxic around the crops causing a stunt of growth or a loss of growth.
Brands
Some famous brands that originated in Italy are Ducati, Boxi, Mediaworld, ASP Palermo, and Denime.
Language
People that live in Italy speak the language of Italian.
Religion
Catholicism is by far the largest religious group in Italy. Infact,
77% of Italians are Catholic Christians
15% are irreligious, atheist, or agnostic
2% adhere to unspecified other religions
1% are Muslims
and the other 5% will not answer.
Famous landmarks
Italy has many astonishing landmarks but the most popular include the Colosseum, Amalfi Coast, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, Trevi Fountain, the Roman Forum, and the Florence Cathedral.
Cultural Foods
Italy is most famous for the genre of Italian food. Italian food consists of mainly pizza and pasta. Wine is also very common in Italy as well as olives and certain sauces.
Music and Literature
As the Western Roman Empire declined, the Latin tradition was kept alive by writers such as Cassiodorus and Boethius. The most famous type of music throughout the centuries in Italy is Renaissance music. Renaissance music was originated in Italy in the 1400s.
Relative Location
Italy is located in Europe and is sticking out into the Mediterranean Sea. Italy is just south of France and Switzerland.
Climate
The northern part of Italy has harsh weather with extremely cold winters and extremely hot summers. Other areas of Italy vary widely but are not harsh unlike the north.
Topography
Except for the fertile Po River Valley in the north and the narrow coastal belts farther south, Italy's mainland is generally mountainous, with considerable seismic activity.


Spain

Government Type
Spain's government is a constitutional democracy a parliament democracy.
Leader and Title
The Chief of State or President of Spain is King Juan Carlos.
Limited or Unlimited
Spain is Limited.
European union member?
Yes.
Current Event
Currently in Spain, the government moves to tighten restrictions on abortions. Now an abortion will only be preformed if the woman has been raped or if there is a serious health concern for the fetus.
Historical political event
On September 15, 1701 the war of Spanish Succession took place.
Historical Monument
The Talavera Battlefield Monument
Population
47.27 million people
% arable land
11.95%
Agriculture
60.5%
GDP
1.349 trillion
GDP per Capita
29,195.38
Spain Currency
Euro
Exchange rate to US dollars
1 Euro is worth 1.36 US dollars
Major economic activities
Spain is largely an agriculture country. Spain produces a vast amount of cork, grapes, wheat, barley, vegetables, tomatoes, lemons, citrus fruits, oranges, and olives. Unlike the rest of Europe, the Spanish railroads use broad-gauged tracks. Although Spain has made great economic progress in recent decades, it still lags behind most of Western Europe.
Famous brands of the country
Some famous brands are Santander, Movistar, BBVA, Zara, and O2.
Language
Spanish
Religion
The majority of the population is catholic but other main religions practiced are Islam, Judaism, and Hinduism.
Famous Landmarks
Palacio Real- Royal Palace of Madrid is the official residence of the king of Spain.
Mezquita of Cordoba- a fascinating building famous for the forest of pillars and arches inside the main hall.
Alhambra- part fortress, part palace and part garden. It is located on a plateau overlooking the city of Granada is southern Spain.
Cultural landmarks
The Temple of Sagrada Familia
Music/ Literature
The Spanish Golden Age is a period which is a period of blooming and thriving in arts in literature poetry prose and drama. This period begins around 1492 and ends around 1659. The artwork contained a strong mark of religion and mysticism that was encouraged mostly by the Catholics. Literature was also upcoming in the Golden Age too. Some famous authors include Don Quixtote, Lope de Vega, Alonso de Ercilla and Estebanillo Gonzales.
Location
Spain is located in far southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain in bordered by the countries of Andorra, France, Portugal, and by the British colony of Gibraltar. This specific country is almost completely surrounded by water including the Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, Strait of Gibraltar, and the Balearic and Mediterranean Seas.
Climate
The climate of Spain varies across the country. One of the common climates is the Mediterranean which is characterized by warm and dry summers and wet and cool winters. Another is the oceanic climate which is located on the northern part of the country. Lastly the seminarid climate, located on the eastern part of Spain, consists of a dry season that goes way beyond summer.
Topography
Spain is divided into 5 general topographic regions. The regions are the northern, eastern, western, southern, and northeastern. Spain also consists of 6 principal mountain ranges-the Pyrenees, the Cordillera Cantábrica, the Montes de Toledo, the Sierra Morena, the Serranías Penibéticas, and the Sistema Ibérico.