Overview of Holocaust
Original Research Question
What were the horrors of Mauthausen?
The Mauthausen authorities began to use gas as a killing method in 1941-1942. The gas chamber could kill with the capacity of 80 people at a time. Mauthausen used prisoners as test subjects. Medical experiments, including testing levels of testosterone, experimenting with delousing chemicals, medicines for tuberculosis, and nutrition experiments. Hermann Richter was one of the camp physicians who surgically removed organs, such as the stomach, liver, or kidneys to determine long a prisoner can survive without them. Eduard Krebsbach killed an undetermined number of prisoners by injecting them with phenol directly into their hearts.
"And then he simply froze in place, the shock, the horror on his face, he didn't weep, he didn't cry, but deep within his gentle eyes,... a flood of devastating pain, his innocence forever slain." -Sonia Schreiber Weitz, "My Black Messiah"
Sonia Schreiber Weitz, a survivor of Mauthausen was liberated on May 5, 1945, gazed into the horror filled eyes of a black American soldier, who she describe him as her "Black Messiah."
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