Age of Exploration

Alexandria, Sofie, Julia W, Giselle

International News

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Many interesting things are currently going on in the world. Europe is starting to trade increasingly more because of their drastic population growth in the past few years. Most of their spices are purchased in a group of Islands called the Moluccas. Along with this, many slaves are being traded to Europe. African leaders are trying to decrease the amount of slave trade occuring, but slaves are just so valued, they're eve considered one of the most important items of African trade. Also, the trade between Europe and Asia is passing through eastern Mediterranean ports first, all the prized goods are being controlled by Italian merchants. Europeans realize that a direct trade would be much easier, which is why Prince Henry is trying to enforce more exploration of foreign lands. Due to the exploration of navigators, there has been many discoveries of places like Portugal, Africa, India, the Americas, and many others. Also, the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed by Spain and Portugal. In this treaty the terms of the Line of Demarcation were agreed, where the non-European world was divided into two zones. Another thing is that Portugal is building an eastern empire, but the Dutch are challenging their domination. In addition, Europe’s interest in trade with Asian countries is only growing, but the Chinese and Koreanshave displayed absolutely no interest in trading with Europe, however, the Japanese have been very welcoming.

Business

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African slave trade has grown exceedingly here in Europe. We have given african rulers tobacco, weapons, textiles, metalworks, rum and gunpowder, all in exchange for these exotic household servants that get to live on these glorified plantaions that they do not deserve. The reason why we have these African people is because when Portugal and other countries were able to expand overseas, they went to the coast of Africa and traded goods in exchange for these people. Over time we went from trading with the coast to trading more inland. Even though we have exstentive amounts of slaves, we weren't the first to have them. We inherited the idea from many cultures, such as the Romans, Egyptians, Greeks, ect. These trades have been going on for over two hundred years, but things are about to change. Many Africans have tried to put an end to slavery but have failed, Affonso I for example. Recently, the religious ruler of Futa Toro has finally brought it to the end. After the many centuries of us taking their people and utilizing them as workers, or sending them the Americas to farm rice, tobacco, sugar or work on other plantations, they finally put their foot down. The slave trade lead to great depopulation in the country. The slave trade, as well as the trade of spices and other exotic goods, have brought great fortune to our country as well as those who occupy it.

Technology

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In this age of exploration, new technology is arising. Most explorers such as Prince Henry and Vasco de Gama, are renovating and redesigning their ships as well as their maps for they will travel far. Ships would be made lighter to travel more quickly from place to place, but they were built sturdy to handle storms and other inclement conditions. Maps were also made more accurate by professional cartographers, or map makers, so one wouldn’t get lost as they traveled the vast seas. Other great inventions that would help lead you to your destination were the compass and an astrolabe. A compass would tell you what direction (North, West, etc.) you were going by pointing to it. Then an astrolabe would help you determine time and latitude, by giving you an angle from the sun/stars to where you were. When going on an adventure, it’s always a great idea to go as well prepared as possible.

Obituaries

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Interview

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After speaking to a group of Natives we can see that there are more negative outcomes than positive ones from the European exploration. The only positive that came from this was the peace there was between religious groups and the Natives during the attempts of conversion. But the rest is not a pretty story. European diseases like smallpox or measles were brought over, and the Indians, not being immune to them, died in large numbers. As an attempt to cultivate the land the settlers accidentally hurt the environment and ecosystem throwing the Natives food chain off. Along with that at least 10% (it’s not clear) of all the Indians had died from any form of violence. Slave trade also grew, for the Europeans saw that they could use the Natives as a profit. From all of these conflicts many of the Native Americans felt that these new settlers wanted to see them gone.

Travel

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During this age of exploration, many new territories are being discovered. New destinations have been found in Asia, but it took us a little to initially discover Asia. John Cabot was searching for Asia in 1497 but without realizing it, he had actually found North America. In 1498, Vasco de Gama helped Portugal to directly trade with Asia by rounding Africa and proceeded to go on a voyage to India to collect spices and other valuable goods. Because of this, trade posts are now set up in India as a result of the treaty de Gama forced on Calicut, making it easy to trade spices. Then in 1510, the Portuguese took hold of Goa, making it a military base. Later, in 1511, they also took hold of East Indies port, Malacca. Also, in 1600, some English merchants formed the East India Company making it hard for Portugal and Spain to trade spices. And not much later some Dutch merchants formed the Dutch East India Company, which has grown to be very powerful very quickly. Recently a lot of things have occurred between Europe and Asia due to the need to explore and trade.

Puzzle

S L O F E O F N V N K M O M E E Z E R U

P U Z A J I V T W V P J O T T B T A R V

A T B D C S K O D L F D E Z A S W M I B

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H S G S P L T R I A A C Y X V P E V H N

B F A A S A O K W T D P G N A L E Q M S

H O C X T I E C U F Q I Z J N X K E Z B

I L B I I T O M R S P Y B Z M C V I F P

E N O Z N K M N E E N S C A U G B T B H

I N G A X T W W A F H R U C C S V I M I

Y O S C A R T O G R A P H E R S O P U L

L A S O U T P O S T I H O U I D S T Z I

O C L N Y H Q Q M X B E R T C W S O S P

P S L D O B F C A V C X S Q S T X Y K P

O O E S D F E H C T S P I V A I F I E I

N O E P C I F D A V K N R G D W R R N N

O V J N O C B A O G G Y H M Y M J H M E

M P Y W M Y H U O B A O W Q Z T H O C S

T A Y J J O S A S S A B M O M J E V S Q

Word Bank

AFFONSOI

ASANTEKINGDOM

CAPETOWN

CARTOGRAPHERS

CHRISTOPHERCOLUMBUS

CIRCUMNAVIGATE

GOA

MACAO

MISSIONARIES

MOMBASSA

MONOPOLY

OUTPOST

PHILIPPINES

PLANTATION

QING

SEPOYS

Works Cited

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13 Dec. 2015.


- "Pearsonschool.com: Prentice Hall World History 2014."

Web .09 Dec. 2015.


- "Christopher Columbus." Explorers for Kids:. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.


- "Africa Facts." Africa Facts. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.


- "Ancient Resource: Authentic Ancient Greek and Roman Coin Necklaces for Sale." Ancient

Resource: Authentic Ancient Greek and Roman Coin Necklaces for Sale. Web. 15 Dec. 2015.


- "History." Pinterest. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.