Big image

What is federalism?

It is a political system where the powers of government are divided between national and regional governments.

Constitutional basis -- Powers

Delegated: Powers expressed in the constitution to the national government

Implied: Not expressed, but implied to be powers to the national government

Inherent: exist for national government because the government is sovereign

Concurrent: Belong to both national and state governments

Reserved: Belong specifically to the states (because they weren't delegated to national government nor denied to states)

Key court cases

McCullock v. Maryland: Established the implied powers of the national government and national supremacy (Supremacy clause)

Gibbons v. Ogden: the Supreme Court held power to regulate interstate commerce (established commerce clause)

Different Types of Federalism

Big image

Cooperative (marble cake) vs. Dual (layer cake) Federalism

Cooperative: National and state governments sharing policymaking and working together in solving problems.

Dual: National and state governments separately remaining supreme within their own sphere of influence, seen as separate from each other.

Big image

New Federalism

Idea to place more responsibility on the states about how grant money would be spent. Devolution-- the transfer of power from national to state governments
Big image

Fiscal Federalism

The national government's spending, taxation, and grants to influence state and local governments.

Types of Grants: money provided by federal govt. to state and local govt. to be used for...

  • Grants-in-aid: specific projects or programs
  • Categorical grants: specific purpose defined by law
  • Block grants: a variety of purposes
  • Revenue sharing: virtually anything
  • Mandates: requirements imposed by the national government on the states. (Unfunded Mandates-- states have to follow mandate at their own expenses, federal govt. doesn't give money to them)