Hurricanes out of control!!

November 16, 2012

What is a hurricane?

Hello, my name is Josie Bracken and I am going to give you some information about hurricanes. Hurricanes are powerful, destructive storms formed in warm water. Hurricanes can be VERY powerful. They can have a bunch of force and destroy houses, or anything that is in its path. Hurricanes can make tsunamis, which can spread a long way and kill tons of people. The hurricane needs the Coriolis Effect so the hurricane can spin. If a hurricane doesn't have the Coriolis Effect, or form over warm water, then there would be no hurricane to be spoke of.

Categorizing and Naming

Hurricanes are categorized by their wind speeds, storm surge, pressure(millibars,) pressure(inches,) and the damage caused by the hurricane. There are five different categories you can judge the hurricane by, starting with weakest to strongest. A category one hurricane has wind speeds of 74-95(mph,) a category two has wind speeds up to 96-110(mph). A category three has wind speeds up to 111-130(mph), a category four has wind speeds of 131-155(mph). The most damaging hurricane of them all is a category five hurricane which has wind speeds anywhere greater than 155(mph). The scale that is used to categorize all of this information is called the Saffir-Simpson Damage-Potential scale.

Hurricanes are named by World Meteorological Organization, which uses different sets of names that depend on what part of the world you are in and how bad the hurricane was. In 1950-1952, tropical cyclones only in the North Atlantic Ocean were named by the phonetic alphabet. They only used to name the hurricanes after girls,(women), until the year of 1979 when they decided to start using boy,(men), names. If a hurricane was REALLY bad, they won;t use that name again.

Formation and Strength

Hurricanes form over warn water, usually above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, and it uses it as an energy source. The air needs to cool off the higher the hurricane goes. The wind speeds blow the same direction and speed so the hurricane can force air up. Hurricanes can be called many different names depending on which ocean it forms in. The difference between a hurricane and a typhoon is that hurricanes form in the Atlantic or Northeast Pacific, (U.S.), and typhoons form in the Northwest Pacific, (near Japan). Hurricanes maintain their strength because as long as the hurricane is over the water, the warm, moist air rises and gives the massive storm energy. When hurricanes hit landfall, they lose their strength because they no longer have the warm water as their energy source.

Hurricane Jeanne

Hurricane Jeanne is a hurricane that occurred in the year of 2004. She formed on September 13, and made landfall on September 15,2004. She was caused by a tropical wave, and in no time turned into a tropical depression. Hurricane Jeanne made landfall in the Dominican Republic. When this massive hurricane made landfall, the winds were up to 120 mph, which is a category three. During this MASSIVE hurricane, 3,000 lives were lost. Historic floods were reported in Puerto Rico and had deadly flash floods and EXTREME mudslides in Haiti. Twenty-four inches of rain was reported in Haiti and Hispaniola.

So, in conclusion, i hope that this newspaper article has taught you something about hurricanes. I hope you know how hurricanes form, maintain strength, and how they are named and categorized. You can look up more information online if you want to learn more about hurricanes. I hope you have learned that hurricanes can be VERY powerful and caused many devestations to people. If you want to learn more about hurricane Jeanne, Go online and check it out.

Have a GREAT day!!!!

Satellite image

As you can see, hurricane Jeanne was a VERY big hurricane. This hurricane was very destructive and many states were affected too. The eye of this hurricane was VERY huge. As you can see in this picture, a state is being affected by the hurricane.

Written by: Josie Bracken