Benito Mussolini

The rise of Totalitarianism in the 1920’s and 1930’s

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The individual

Background
Born July 29, 1883 - Died April 28, 1945

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As a boy, Mussolini's father would bring him to political meetings and lecture him on socialism beliefs, and later in his life came to a liking to socialism policies, just like his father.
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Mussolini was an intelligent man and was really opinionated on his political beliefs.

In 1902 he went to Switzerland to promote Socialism and gained a political reputation for himself.
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In 1904, Mussolini returned to Italy and continued promoting socialist ideals, and was briefly imprisoned.

Events that lead him to power.

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In 1919 Italy's economy suffered, unemployment rate increased and many went on to strike, Italy was in chaos. The middle class feared that communism would take over.
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Mussolini took advantage over this whole situation, and created the fascist party. He promised he would lower the unemployment rate , would balance Italy's economy, and restore order to Italy. The people supported him under his promises.

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Mussolini created the black shirts to restore order in Italy, they did so by using violence against the citizens and Mussolini's political opponents.
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In 1921 the Fascist Party was elected into the Italian parliament or Chamber of Deputies, that helped the fascists gain legitimacy and the fascists party was formed.


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Mussolini and his fascist party damned for Minister Facta’s resignation under pressure with Mussolini’s followers surrounding Italy's capital known as the march on Rome. On October 28, 1922, Italy fell to the fascists.

The Situation (historical Context)

Political

-Mussolini and his fascist party damned for Minister Facta’s resignation under pressure with Mussolini’s followers surrounding Italy's capital

-Italian King Victor Emmanuel III refused to take action against Mussolini because he feared suppression would result in a civil war and asked Mussolini to form his government. On October 28, 1922, Italy fell to the fascists.


Economic & Social

-1919 italy’s economy suffered

-1919 Italy’s unemployment rate increased and many went on to strike

-Middle class feared that communist would take over (Italy almost had a civil war)

-Mussolini took advantage over this whole situation

promised he’d lower unemployment rate and would balance italy’s economy

-people supported him under his promises

The System

-Mussolini created a secret police the Black Shirts that punished anyone who opposed him -Mussolini seized power in Italy in 1922, Mussolini become the leader of the nation

-Mussolini wanted a dictatorship

-Mussolini uses the black shirts to inflict fear in others