The Baseball Bat
How its made: By Danny Crites
Materials and Regulations
The bat can not be more than 2.61 inches in diameter at the thickest part and no more than 42 inches long. Must be solid wood, cant be hollowed or corked. Cork reduces weight and increases bat speed without reducing power. Most wooden bats are made from ash, others include maple, hickory and bamboo.
It is carved or constructed very carefully to allow a quick, balanced swing while providing power. The bat is divided into several regions. The barrel is the thick part of the bat, where it is meant to hit the ball. The part of the barrel best for hitting the ball, according to construction and swinging style, is often called the sweet spot. The end of the barrel is not part of the sweet spot and is simply called the tip or end of the bat. The barrel narrows and becomes the handle. The handle is very thin, so that batters can comfortably grip the bat in their hands. Sometimes, especially on metal bats, the handle is wrapped with a rubber or cloth grip. Finally, below the handle is the knob of the bat, a wider piece that keeps the bat from slipping from a batter's hands.
Baseball bats in the early days of baseball came in all shapes and sizes. In the 1850's baseball was an extremely young sport and batters made their own bats and experimented with bats of all varieties (long, short, flat, heavy). They quickly learned that bats with rounded barrels seemed to work the best. Because bats of all shapes and sizes were being used, a rule was made in 1859 that bats could be no larger than 2.5 inches in diameter, although they could be of any length. Ten years later in 1869, another rule was added that stated the baseball bat could be no longer than 42 inches in length - the same maximum length allowed today.
Producer, Product, Type of Production.
Producer: Louisville Sluuger
Product: wooden baseball bat
Other alluminum types: Easton, Rawlings (also wooden), De Marini